Background and Purpose: Little is known about how β-cell dysfunction affects clinical outcome after ischemic stroke. We examined whether β-cell function is associated with clinical outcome after acute ischemic stroke and if so, whether insulin resistance influences this association in a prospective study of patients with acute stroke. Methods: A total of 3590 nondiabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke (mean age, 71 years) were followed up for 3 months. β-Cell function was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment for β-cell function (HOMA-β). Study outcomes were poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score, 3-6) and stroke recurrence at 3 months after stroke onset and neurological deterioration (≥2-point increase in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score) at discharge. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between quintile levels of serum HOMA-β and clinical outcomes. Results: The age- A nd sex-adjusted odds ratios for poor functional outcome and neurological deterioration increased significantly with decreasing HOMA-β levels (P for trend, <0.001 and 0.001, respectively). These associations became more prominent after adjustment for HOMA-insulin resistance and were substantially unchanged even after further adjustment for other confounders, namely, body mass index, dyslipidemia, hypertension, estimated glomerular filtration rate, stroke subtype, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on admission, and reperfusion therapy (odds ratio [95% CI] for the first versus fifth quintile of HOMA-β, 3.30 [2.15-5.08] for poor functional outcome and 10.69 [4.99-22.90] for neurological deterioration). Such associations were not observed for stroke recurrence. In stratified analysis for the combination of HOMA-β and HOMA-insulin resistance levels, lower HOMA-β and higher HOMA-insulin resistance levels were independently associated with increased risks of poor functional outcome and neurological deterioration. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that β-cell dysfunction is significantly associated with poor short-term clinical outcome independently of insulin resistance in nondiabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing