δ13C and δD identification of sources of lipid biomarkers in sediments of Lake Haruna (Japan)

Yoshito Chikaraishi, Hiroshi Naraoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic materials in lacustrine sediments are from multiple terrestrial and aquatic sources. In this study, carbon (δ13C) and hydrogen isotopic compositions (δD) of phytol, various sterols, and major n-fatty acids in sediments at Lake Haruna, Japan, were determined in their solvent-extractable (free) and saponification-released forms (bound). The δ13 C-δD distributions of these lipid molecules in sediments are compared with those of terrestrial C3 and C4 plants, aquatic C3 plants, and plankton to evaluate their relative contributions. δ 13C-δD of free phytol in sediments is very close to that of phytol in plankton samples, whereas δ13 C-δD of bound phytol in sediments is on a mixing line between terrestrial C3 plant and plankton material. Unlike phytol, no significant δ13C-δD difference between free and bound forms was found in sterols and n-fatty acids. δ13 C-δD values of algal sterols such as 24-methylcholesta-5,22-dien-3β-ol in sediments are close to those of plankton, whereas δ13C-δD of multiple-source sterols such as 24-ethylcholest-5-en-3β-ol and of major n-fatty acids such as n-hexadecanoic acid in sediments are between those of terrestrial C3 plants and plankton samples. Thus, δ13 C-δD distributions clearly indicate the specific source contributions of biomarkers preserved in a lacustrine environment. Free phytol and algal sterols can be attributed to phytoplankton, and bound phytol, multiple source sterols, and major n-fatty acids are contributed by both terrestrial C3 plants and phytoplankton.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3285-3297
Number of pages13
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume69
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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