Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-induced cognitive deficits are reversed by olanzapine but not haloperidol in rats

Nobuaki Egashira, Noriko Ishigami, Kenichi Mishima, Katsunori Iwasaki, Ryozo Oishi, Michihiro Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance. Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major psychoactive component of cannabis, is known to induce cognitive impairment that closely resembles the impairment observed in schizophrenic patients. THC has also been known to impair spatial memory in rats tested in the eight-arm radial maze. We previously reported that microinjection of THC (20 μg/side) into the rat dorsal hippocampus impaired spatial memory and that i.p. injection of THC (6 mg/kg) decreased the extracellular levels of acetylcholine (ACh) in the dorsal hippocampus. In the present study, we compared the effects of olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic, with those of haloperidol, a typical neuroleptic, on the impairments of spatial memory and decreased ACh levels induced by THC (6 mg/kg, i.p.) in rats. We found that olanzapine (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) reversed the THC-induced memory deficits and decrease in extracellular ACh levels, whereas haloperidol (0.03-0.3 mg, i.p.) had no effect. These results suggest that olanzapine may improve the THC-induced impairment of spatial memory, partly by enhancing ACh release in the dorsal hippocampus. Therefore, olanzapine could attenuate the acute short-term and working memory deficits induced by cannabis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-506
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2008

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olanzapine
Dronabinol
Haloperidol
Acetylcholine
Cannabis
Hippocampus
Memory Disorders
Short-Term Memory
Antipsychotic Agents
Microinjections

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Biological Psychiatry

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Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-induced cognitive deficits are reversed by olanzapine but not haloperidol in rats. / Egashira, Nobuaki; Ishigami, Noriko; Mishima, Kenichi; Iwasaki, Katsunori; Oishi, Ryozo; Fujiwara, Michihiro.

In: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 32, No. 2, 15.02.2008, p. 499-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Egashira, Nobuaki ; Ishigami, Noriko ; Mishima, Kenichi ; Iwasaki, Katsunori ; Oishi, Ryozo ; Fujiwara, Michihiro. / Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-induced cognitive deficits are reversed by olanzapine but not haloperidol in rats. In: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 2008 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 499-506.
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