ω-3 Fatty Acids Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Hematological Toxicity by Bone Marrow Stimulation in Mice

Kohei Murakami, Hiroshi Miyata, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: ω-3 Fatty acids exert several benefits during chemotherapy, such as preventing intestinal mucosal damage and improving response to chemotherapy. However, little is known about the effect of ω-3 fatty acids on chemotherapy-induced hematological toxicities. Methods: Mice that had consumed either an ω-3-rich or an ω-3-poor diet for 2 weeks were intraperitoneally administered cisplatin. The resultant changes in blood cell count, bone marrow cell count, and cytokine levels in bone marrow supernatant were analyzed. The effect of ω-3 fatty acids on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) exposed to cisplatin was also examined. Results: Although peripheral blood cell counts decreased after cisplatin treatment in both groups of mice, the decrease in white blood cell count was significantly lower in mice that consumed the ω-3-rich diet. The decrease in bone marrow cells after cisplatin treatment was also reduced in mice that consumed the ω-3-rich diet. Levels of stem cell factor (SCF) and fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) were significantly higher in bone marrow supernatants from mice that consumed the ω-3-rich diet. The rate of apoptosis in PBMCs (after exposure to cisplatin) cultured in medium containing ω-3 fatty acids was significantly lower than in PBMCs cultured in control medium. Conclusion: ω-3-Rich diets reduced chemotherapy-induced leukopenia in mice. This may be the result of increased numbers of bone marrow cells due to higher levels of SCF and FGF-1 in the bone marrow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-823
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Murakami, K., Miyata, H., Miyazaki, Y., Makino, T., Takahashi, T., Kurokawa, Y., Yamasaki, M., Nakajima, K., Takiguchi, S., Mori, M., & Doki, Y. (2017). ω-3 Fatty Acids Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Hematological Toxicity by Bone Marrow Stimulation in Mice. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 41(5), 815-823. https://doi.org/10.1177/0148607115597887