Adolescents with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD; n=22) and normally developing adolescents (n=880) participated in interviews to evaluate their self-understanding (Damon & Hart, 1988). Their responses were classified according to a Self-Understanding Model for People with PDD (SUMPP), which was constructed on the basis of 3 perspectives: domains, human relations, and positivity/negativity. The main results were as follows: (1) participants tended to develop negative self-understanding through interactions with others and positive self-understanding when they did not have relationships with anyone; (2) adolescents with PDD understood themselves well in the "action style" domain, suggesting that their interest was important for maintaining positive self-evaluation; (3) they understood themselves well with regard to one-way relationships with others, suggesting an association with impairment in social interactions of the "passive" or "active but odd" types (Wing, 1997); and (4) some adolescents with PDD described themselves with regard to current social issues and events.
|Translated title of the contribution||Self-Understanding among Adolescents with Pervasive Developmental Disorders|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|