### Abstract

A recent trend in the design of FPT algorithms is exploiting the half-integrality of LP relaxations. In other words, starting with a half-integral optimal solution to an LP relaxation, we assign integral values to variables one-by-one by branch and bound. This technique is general and the resulting time complexity has a low dependency on the parameter. However, the time complexity often becomes a large polynomial in the input size because we need to compute half-integral optimal LP solutions. In this paper, we address this issue by providing an O(km)-time algorithm for solving the LPs arising from various FPT problems, where k is the optimal value and m is the number of edges/constraints. Our algorithm is based on interesting connections among 0/1/all constraints, which has been studied in the field of constraints satisfaction, A-path packing, which has been studied in the field of combinatorial optimization, and the LPs used in FPT algorithms. With the aid of this algorithm, we obtain linear-time FPT algorithms for various problems. The obtained running time for each problem is linear in the input size and has the current smallest dependency on the parameter. Most importantly, instead of using problem-specific approaches, we obtain all of these results by a unified approach, i.e., the branch-and-bound framework combined with the efficient computation of half-integral LPs, which demonstrates its generality.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings - 59th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2018 |

Editors | Mikkel Thorup |

Publisher | IEEE Computer Society |

Pages | 462-473 |

Number of pages | 12 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781538642306 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Nov 30 2018 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 59th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2018 - Paris, France Duration: Oct 7 2018 → Oct 9 2018 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings - Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS |
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Volume | 2018-October |

ISSN (Print) | 0272-5428 |

### Conference

Conference | 59th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2018 |
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Country | France |

City | Paris |

Period | 10/7/18 → 10/9/18 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Computer Science(all)

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## Cite this

*Proceedings - 59th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS 2018*(pp. 462-473). [8555129] (Proceedings - Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, FOCS; Vol. 2018-October). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/FOCS.2018.00051