Laminar shear stress strongly inhibits vascular endothelial cell apoptosis by unknown mechanisms. We reported that shear stress stimulates endothelial cells to produce 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) by elevating the expression level of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase. To investigate the role of 15d-PGJ2 produced in the vascular wall, we examined the effect of 15d-PGJ2 on endothelial cell apoptosis. We induced apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by growth factor deprivation. 15d-PGJ2 strongly inhibited DNA ladder formation, nuclear fragmentation, and caspase-3-like activity in HUVECs. To elucidate the mechanism by which 15d-PGJ2 inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis, we examined expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) cellular-IAP1 (c-IAP1), c-IAP2, x-linked IAP, and survivin in HUVECs. In parallel with the inhibition of apoptosis, 15d-PGJ2 elevated the expression level of c-IAP1 protein in a dose- and time-dependent manner without changing the mRNA level. Laminar shear stress also induced c-IAP1 expression. Chase experiments with the use of cycloheximide revealed that 15d-PGJ2 and shear stress both inhibited the proteolytic degradation of c-IAP1 protein. These results suggested that 15d-PGJ2 inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis through, at least in part, c-IAP1 protein stabilization. This mechanism might be involved in the antiapoptotic effect of laminar shear stress.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||1 54-1|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)