3-D Intrinsic and Scattering Seismic Attenuation Structures Beneath Kyushu, Japan

A. Shito, S. Matsumoto, T. Ohkura, H. Shimizu, S. Sakai, Y. Iio, H. Takahashi, H. Yakiwara, T. Watanabe, M. Kosuga, T. Okada, M. Yoshimi, Y. Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The attenuation of seismic wave energy is caused by intrinsic absorption and scattering. The former involves the conversion of seismic wave energy to heat energy via internal friction due to the anelasticity of the medium, whereas the latter involves the scattering of seismic wave energy due to random elastic heterogeneities in the medium. Quantifying both intrinsic ((Formula presented.)) and scattering ((Formula presented.)) attenuation is therefore important for understanding the physical properties of the Earth's interior and predicting seismic wave propagation. Here we develop a new procedure to separately map three-dimensional (3-D) (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) structures. The path-averaged (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) values are obtained via an envelope-fitting approach that employs a multiple-scattering model. The path-averaged (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) structures are then mapped into 3-D space using a tomographic inversion technique based on sensitivity kernels, which are calculated from a Monte Carlo simulation of the radiative transfer equations. We apply this method to map the crustal structure beneath Kyushu, Japan, and obtain 3-D (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) structures for the 1–2, 2–4, and 4–8 Hz frequency bands. The spatial attenuation patterns are similar for each of the analyzed frequency bands, with the spatial variability in (Formula presented.) being more pronounced than that in (Formula presented.). The high- (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) regions correspond to the locations of active volcanoes. Conversely, the northern Kyushu area possesses low- (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) zones that correspond to low heat flow and Cretaceous granite, respectively. The overall (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) distributions correlate with thermal and geological structures, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2019JB018742
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume125
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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