The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake was one of the most powerful earthquakes on record in Japan and the huge tsunami caused by the earthquake inflicted extensive damage to the coastal areas of the Tohoku region. To form safe coastal areas, countermeasures against disaster should be developed considering not only tangible infrastructures including breakwater and bridges but also intangible measures including education on disaster prevention and the development of hazard maps. The tsunami run-up analysis is expected to play a role as one of the countermeasures against tsunami. In this research, we aim to establish a tool to effectively analyze the tsunami run-up in urban areas based on the Smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. And then, we propose a series of pre-process procedures to develop a detailed geography analysis model that reflects the geography, elevation, and exterior shapes of buildings by referring to 3D location information and digital elevation model data obtained from a geographical information system. Finally, we established a photorealistic visualization method so that citizen can understand the tsunami phenomenon intuitively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology