A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan

Terukazu Kawasaki, Keiko Uezono, Miho Sanefuji, Hiroko Utsunomiya, Takehiko Fujino, Shozo Kanaya, Akira Babazono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the disease course of hypertensive male university students followed for 8 to 26 years (average, 17 years) after graduation. Subjects were classified into two groups. 1) A hypertensive group (H-group) consisting of 338 conclusively hypertensive male students followed from 1973 to 1990 at the Institute of Health Science, Kyushu University. Their ages ranged from 20 to 27 years, and all had high blood pressure (BP) of 140 mmHg or greater in systole (SBP) and/or 90 mmHg or greater in diastole (DBP) at a regular health check. This was confirmed by BP measurements for 3 days within 1 week. 2) A normotensive control group (N-group) consisting of 732 normotensive students (110-124 SBP/60-74mmHg DBP) for whom faculty, age, sex, height, weight, and examination period were matched to the H-group as closely as possible. In 1997, each subject was sent a questionnaire with items on height, weight, sitting BP, pulse rate, family history of hypertension, lifestyle habits (such as drinking and smoking), stress and personality type. Completing the questionnaire were 177 (52.4%) of the H-group and 206 (28.1%) of the N-group subjects. Hypertension continued in 44.6% of the H-group subjects, whereas 9.2% of the N-group subjects became hypertensive. The rate of hypertension at the end of the investigation was significantly higher in those subjects who had a family history of hypertension than in those who did not. Weight gain (+15.1%) was the highest in H-group subjects who were initially normotensive. These subjects showed a significantly higher incidence of smoking and drinking than the other subjects. These results confirmed lifestyle to be one of the most important factors in keeping BP normal throughout life and also suggested that fundamental health education should be introduced at an early age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-452
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension Research
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003

Fingerprint

Japan
Students
Hypertension
Blood Pressure
Control Groups
Drinking
Life Style
Smoking
Weights and Measures
Diastole
Systole
Health
Health Education
Weight Gain
Habits
Personality
Heart Rate
Incidence
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan. / Kawasaki, Terukazu; Uezono, Keiko; Sanefuji, Miho; Utsunomiya, Hiroko; Fujino, Takehiko; Kanaya, Shozo; Babazono, Akira.

In: Hypertension Research, Vol. 26, No. 6, 01.06.2003, p. 445-452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawasaki, T, Uezono, K, Sanefuji, M, Utsunomiya, H, Fujino, T, Kanaya, S & Babazono, A 2003, 'A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan', Hypertension Research, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1291/hypres.26.445
Kawasaki T, Uezono K, Sanefuji M, Utsunomiya H, Fujino T, Kanaya S et al. A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan. Hypertension Research. 2003 Jun 1;26(6):445-452. https://doi.org/10.1291/hypres.26.445
Kawasaki, Terukazu ; Uezono, Keiko ; Sanefuji, Miho ; Utsunomiya, Hiroko ; Fujino, Takehiko ; Kanaya, Shozo ; Babazono, Akira. / A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan. In: Hypertension Research. 2003 ; Vol. 26, No. 6. pp. 445-452.
@article{64bc9f83f7254809867351486d05f35a,
title = "A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to determine the disease course of hypertensive male university students followed for 8 to 26 years (average, 17 years) after graduation. Subjects were classified into two groups. 1) A hypertensive group (H-group) consisting of 338 conclusively hypertensive male students followed from 1973 to 1990 at the Institute of Health Science, Kyushu University. Their ages ranged from 20 to 27 years, and all had high blood pressure (BP) of 140 mmHg or greater in systole (SBP) and/or 90 mmHg or greater in diastole (DBP) at a regular health check. This was confirmed by BP measurements for 3 days within 1 week. 2) A normotensive control group (N-group) consisting of 732 normotensive students (110-124 SBP/60-74mmHg DBP) for whom faculty, age, sex, height, weight, and examination period were matched to the H-group as closely as possible. In 1997, each subject was sent a questionnaire with items on height, weight, sitting BP, pulse rate, family history of hypertension, lifestyle habits (such as drinking and smoking), stress and personality type. Completing the questionnaire were 177 (52.4{\%}) of the H-group and 206 (28.1{\%}) of the N-group subjects. Hypertension continued in 44.6{\%} of the H-group subjects, whereas 9.2{\%} of the N-group subjects became hypertensive. The rate of hypertension at the end of the investigation was significantly higher in those subjects who had a family history of hypertension than in those who did not. Weight gain (+15.1{\%}) was the highest in H-group subjects who were initially normotensive. These subjects showed a significantly higher incidence of smoking and drinking than the other subjects. These results confirmed lifestyle to be one of the most important factors in keeping BP normal throughout life and also suggested that fundamental health education should be introduced at an early age.",
author = "Terukazu Kawasaki and Keiko Uezono and Miho Sanefuji and Hiroko Utsunomiya and Takehiko Fujino and Shozo Kanaya and Akira Babazono",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1291/hypres.26.445",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "445--452",
journal = "Hypertension Research",
issn = "0916-9636",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A 17-year follow-up study of hypertensive and normotensive male university students in Japan

AU - Kawasaki, Terukazu

AU - Uezono, Keiko

AU - Sanefuji, Miho

AU - Utsunomiya, Hiroko

AU - Fujino, Takehiko

AU - Kanaya, Shozo

AU - Babazono, Akira

PY - 2003/6/1

Y1 - 2003/6/1

N2 - The aim of the present study was to determine the disease course of hypertensive male university students followed for 8 to 26 years (average, 17 years) after graduation. Subjects were classified into two groups. 1) A hypertensive group (H-group) consisting of 338 conclusively hypertensive male students followed from 1973 to 1990 at the Institute of Health Science, Kyushu University. Their ages ranged from 20 to 27 years, and all had high blood pressure (BP) of 140 mmHg or greater in systole (SBP) and/or 90 mmHg or greater in diastole (DBP) at a regular health check. This was confirmed by BP measurements for 3 days within 1 week. 2) A normotensive control group (N-group) consisting of 732 normotensive students (110-124 SBP/60-74mmHg DBP) for whom faculty, age, sex, height, weight, and examination period were matched to the H-group as closely as possible. In 1997, each subject was sent a questionnaire with items on height, weight, sitting BP, pulse rate, family history of hypertension, lifestyle habits (such as drinking and smoking), stress and personality type. Completing the questionnaire were 177 (52.4%) of the H-group and 206 (28.1%) of the N-group subjects. Hypertension continued in 44.6% of the H-group subjects, whereas 9.2% of the N-group subjects became hypertensive. The rate of hypertension at the end of the investigation was significantly higher in those subjects who had a family history of hypertension than in those who did not. Weight gain (+15.1%) was the highest in H-group subjects who were initially normotensive. These subjects showed a significantly higher incidence of smoking and drinking than the other subjects. These results confirmed lifestyle to be one of the most important factors in keeping BP normal throughout life and also suggested that fundamental health education should be introduced at an early age.

AB - The aim of the present study was to determine the disease course of hypertensive male university students followed for 8 to 26 years (average, 17 years) after graduation. Subjects were classified into two groups. 1) A hypertensive group (H-group) consisting of 338 conclusively hypertensive male students followed from 1973 to 1990 at the Institute of Health Science, Kyushu University. Their ages ranged from 20 to 27 years, and all had high blood pressure (BP) of 140 mmHg or greater in systole (SBP) and/or 90 mmHg or greater in diastole (DBP) at a regular health check. This was confirmed by BP measurements for 3 days within 1 week. 2) A normotensive control group (N-group) consisting of 732 normotensive students (110-124 SBP/60-74mmHg DBP) for whom faculty, age, sex, height, weight, and examination period were matched to the H-group as closely as possible. In 1997, each subject was sent a questionnaire with items on height, weight, sitting BP, pulse rate, family history of hypertension, lifestyle habits (such as drinking and smoking), stress and personality type. Completing the questionnaire were 177 (52.4%) of the H-group and 206 (28.1%) of the N-group subjects. Hypertension continued in 44.6% of the H-group subjects, whereas 9.2% of the N-group subjects became hypertensive. The rate of hypertension at the end of the investigation was significantly higher in those subjects who had a family history of hypertension than in those who did not. Weight gain (+15.1%) was the highest in H-group subjects who were initially normotensive. These subjects showed a significantly higher incidence of smoking and drinking than the other subjects. These results confirmed lifestyle to be one of the most important factors in keeping BP normal throughout life and also suggested that fundamental health education should be introduced at an early age.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037626384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037626384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1291/hypres.26.445

DO - 10.1291/hypres.26.445

M3 - Article

C2 - 12862200

AN - SCOPUS:0037626384

VL - 26

SP - 445

EP - 452

JO - Hypertension Research

JF - Hypertension Research

SN - 0916-9636

IS - 6

ER -