A-B Transition of Superfluid 3He with a Film Geometry

T. Kawae, M. Kubota, Y. Ishimoto, S. Miyawaki, O. Ishikawa, T. Hata, T. Kodama

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Abstract

We have performed cw NMR experiments on superfluid 3He confined to a parallel-plate geometry with a μm scale spacing for a wide pressure range. A static field was applied parallel or perpendicular to the plate surface. The spectra of two absorption signals, a main and a satellite, have been observed below the superfluid transition temperature in a parallel field. As the temperature decreased, the main signal decreased with shifts to higher frequencies, and the satellite grew with shifts to much higher frequencies. From the temperature dependence of these signals and the result in the perpendicular field, it is confirmed that the main signal and the satellite correspond to the A phase signal (ABM state) and the B phase signal (BW state), respectively. The temperature dependence of the two signals indicates that a phase transition from the A phase to the B phase occurs with decreasing temperature. By analyzing these signals, we determine A-B transition temperatures experimentaly. The A-B transition temperature normalized by the superfluid transition temperature is 0.95 at 20 bar, and decreased further to 0.70 at 0 bar for a thickness of 0.88 μm for pure 3He. The values of TAB/Tc were slightly elevated when covering the surface with 4.5 layers of 4He film, which suggests that this transition is also influenced by the surface condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-935
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume111
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Kawae, T., Kubota, M., Ishimoto, Y., Miyawaki, S., Ishikawa, O., Hata, T., & Kodama, T. (1998). A-B Transition of Superfluid 3He with a Film Geometry. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 111(5-6), 917-935. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1022233526235