A 61-year-old Japanese man with chronic hepatitis B complained of pain in both legs after 64 months of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) administration. He was diagnosed with stress fractures of both lower legs. Blood data showed elevated alkaline phosphatase, decreased uric acid levels in serum, hypophosphatemia, and normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, resulting in a diagnosis of hypophosphatemic osteomalacia secondary to proximal renal tubulopathy: Fanconi's syndrome. This report emphasizes the importance of being alert to the possibility of Fanconi's syndrome in patients treated long-term with ADV and the need for monitoring blood phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, and uric acid in serum.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes