A case of late-onset Segawa syndrome (autosomal dominant dopa-responsive dystonia) with a novel mutation of the GTP-cyclohydrase I (GCH1) gene

Hirokazu Furuya, Hiroyuki Murai, Kazuo Takasugi, Yasumasa Ohyagi, Fumi Urano, Taroh Kishi, Hiroshi Ichinose, Jun ichi Kira

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a case of a 46-year-old Japanese woman with hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuations and dopa-responsive dystonia (HPD/DRD). She developed difficulty in walking at the age of 44 years due to bradykinesia as well as hand tremors, muscle rigidity, increased tendon reflexes and mild dystonia in the lower extremities, all of which responded remarkably to low doses of levodopa (150 mg/day). Biopterin and neopterin concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were decreased. Analysis of the guanosine 5′-triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GCH1) gene revealed a novel mutation (W53X) in one allele. The GCH1 activity that was expressed in mononuclear blood cells was almost half the normal value (usually 2-20% of the normal value (39.0 ± 9.2 pmol/ml) in patients with HPD/DRD). The relatively conserved GCH1 activity that is expressed in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells may be related to the late clinical symptoms in this patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-786
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume108
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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