A case of paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration with resting tremor

T. Kurokawa, T. Taniwaki, K. Arakawa, H. Kikuchi, T. Yao, K. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, T. Yamada, J. Kira

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Abstract

A 65-year-old woman was operated for gastric adenocarcinoma in 1989. Six years later, peritonitis carcinomatosa, swelling of periaortic lymphnodes and high serum CA-125 were discovered. She received chemotherapy with 5-FU and cisplatin resulting in reduction of ascites. In September, 1998, the swelling of left supraclavicular lymphnodes and the elevation of serum CA-125 reappeared. Pathological diagnosis of supraclavicular lymphnodes was adenocarcinoma. Serum CA-125 was normalized by chemotherapy using cisplatin, farumorubicin and endoxan. However, unsteadiness appeared since December 10, 1998 followed by dysarthria and involuntary movement of neck and upper limbs. These symptoms progressed subacutely. The physical examination on admission revealed swelling of left suraclavicular lymphnodes, nystagmus on lateral gaze, saccadic eye movement on smooth pursuit and severe cerebellar ataxia. In addition, resting tremor of 3-4 Hz was observed at right hand, left wrist and neck which tended to increase amplitude by calculation. Similar movements were seen in the left first toe, though the frequency was lower. Brain MRI revealed mild cerebellar atrophy. She was diagnosed as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) by serum anti Yo antibody and clinical course. The study of HLA showed positive link to A4 without A24. The primary focus of adenocarcinoma in cervical lymphnodes was suggested to be ovary rather than stomach due to the pattern of immunostaining for cytokeratin, CEA and CA125, although no carcinoma was found in ovarium clinically. The feature of this case is a PCD with resting tremor of frequency of 3-4 Hz and negative link to HLA-A24 in Japanese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
JournalRinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology
Volume41
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2001

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Kurokawa, T., Taniwaki, T., Arakawa, K., Kikuchi, H., Yao, T., Tanaka, K., ... Kira, J. (2001). A case of paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration with resting tremor. Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology, 41(1), 24-30.