A case of recovery from a fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus-like episode during pregnancy

Saori Shibata, Masanori Iwase, Hiroki Fujii, Udai Nakamura, Nobuhiro Sasaki, Hirofumi Imoto, Naoyuki Nakanami, Mitsuo Iida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A 26-year-old primipara with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus presented with abrupt onset of thirst, generalized malaise and slight disturbance of consciousness at 11 weeks of gestation. Her BMI was 15.7 kg/m2. Blood chemistry tests revealed a plasma glucose level 1,049 mg/dl, HbA1C of 5.5%, serum total ketone body level of 13,260 μmol/l; arterial blood gas analysis revealed a pH of 7.282 and BE of -17.9 mmol/l. The patient was diagnosed as having diabetic ketoacidosis and started on an intravenous infusion of insulin and saline. The patient tested negative for both anti-GAD antibody and the HLA haplotype associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, the serum levels of exocrine pancreatic enzymes were elevated despite the absense of clinical findings of pancreatitis. After insulin therapy for 3 weeks, the blood glucose levels decreased, and the insulin therapy was discontinued. A 75-g OGTT revealed normal glucose tolerance. Glycemic control was well maintained by diet therapy alone until 39 weeks of gestation, when she delivered a healthy girl vaginally. While the clinical features in our patient resembled those of fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus at the onset. Endogenous insulin secretion was preserved, and the glucose tolerance became entirely normal following short-term insulin therapy. Recovery from diabetic ketoacidosis during pregnancy is extremely rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Japan Diabetes Society
Volume50
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 2007

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Shibata, S., Iwase, M., Fujii, H., Nakamura, U., Sasaki, N., Imoto, H., ... Iida, M. (2007). A case of recovery from a fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus-like episode during pregnancy. Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society, 50(1), 31-36.