Prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) causes hyperthyroidism, a critical complication in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, it remains unknown whether PGI2 may have unfavorable effects on thyroid function in children with congenital portosystemic venous shunt syndrome (CPSVS). We present a boy with CPSVS who developed PAH at seven years of age. During ongoing PGI2 therapy, he experienced thyrotoxicosis at 17 years of age. The literature review showed that the reported 12 patients with PAH (median 11 years of age) developed hyperthyroidism during between one and 11 years of PGI2 treatment. Only one patient survived the acute PAH crisis due to hyperthyroidism. These data provide evidence that prophylactic intervention for hyperthyroidism is indicated for children with CPSVS during PGI2 treatment.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||JCRPE Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism