A comparative study of the γ/γ′ eutectic evolution during the solidification of Ni-base superalloys

S. M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. S. Yoo, C. Y. Jo, H. Miyahara, K. Ogi

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    Abstract

    The evolution of γ/γ′ eutectic during the solidification of Ni-base superalloys CMSX-10 and CMSX-4 was investigated over a wide range of cooling rates. The microsegregation behavior during solidification was also quantitatively examined to clarify the influence of elemental segregation on the evolution of γ/γ′ eutectic. In the cooling rate ranges investigated (0.9 to 138.4 K/min (0.9 to 138.4 °C/min)), the γ/γ′ eutectic fraction in CMSX-10 was found to be more than 2 times higher than that in CMSX-4 at a given cooling rate. However, the dependence of the γ/γ′ eutectic fraction on the cooling rate in both alloys showed a similar tendency; i.e., the γ/γ′ eutectic fraction increased with increasing the cooling rate and then exhibited a maximum plateau at and above the certain critical cooling rate in both alloys. This critical cooling rate was found to be dependent on the alloy composition and was estimated to be about 12 K/min (12 °C/min) and 25 K/min (25 °C/min) for CMSX-10 and CMSX-4, respectively. The calculated solid compositions based on the modified Scheil model revealed that even a small compositional difference of total γ forming elements in the initial composition of the alloy can play a significant role in the as-cast eutectic fraction during the solidification of Ni-base superalloys. The evolution of the γ/γ′ eutectic fraction with respect to the cooling rate could be rationalized by taking into account the effects of back-diffusion in solid and dendrite arm coarsening on decreasing the extent of microsegregation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3150-3159
    Number of pages10
    JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
    Volume42
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys

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