A comparison of ground-dwelling and arboreal ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in lowland forests of cambodia

Shingo Hosoishi, Yoshiaki Hashimoto, Sang Hyun Park, Seiki Yamane, Kazuo Ogata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents the first comprehensive description of the ant fauna of Cambodia, most of which has not yet been extensively surveyed. The aim was to investigate ground-dwelling and arboreal ant fauna in three types of lowland forest in Cambodia and assess the bioindicator value of ant communities along forest disturbance gradient. The ground ant fauna was sampled by Winkler extraction, and the arboreal ant fauna by time unit sampling. A total of 101 ant species belonging to 40 genera in nine subfamilies was collected. Of these species, 41 were collected in the community forest (CF; habitat with high disturbance), 52 in regrowth forest (RF), and 61 in natural (undisturbed) forest (NF). Although the total species richness hence declined with the level of disturbance, it did not differ significantly among the three forest types. A comparison between ground and arboreal fauna showed an overlap of nine species (22%) in CF, 4 spp. (8%) in RF, and 7 spp. (11%) in NF. Non-metric multi dimensional scaling revealed that the ground ant fauna in CF greatly differed from the ground ant fauna in both RF and NF, which were rather similar in their species composition. Conversely, the arboreal ant fauna in the CF differed less from the arboreal ant fauna in RF and NF sites. However, there was much a higher occurrence of invasive ant species in CF than in the other forest types. The results suggest that higher level of disturbance due to logging and inundation common in community forests affects more the ground than arboreal ant fauna. The high number of ant species collected, well-defined vertical stratification of their communities, and the relatively high species turnover along the forest disturbance gradient confirm the importance of Cambodian lowland forests for biodiversity conservation programs and of the ants as usable indicator animal group of the disturbance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-425
Number of pages10
JournalRaffles Bulletin of Zoology
Volume65
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Cambodia
lowland forests
ant
Formicidae
Hymenoptera
fauna
regrowth
disturbance
forest communities
comparison
dwelling
forest types
species diversity
conservation programs
bioindicator
logging

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

A comparison of ground-dwelling and arboreal ant assemblages (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) in lowland forests of cambodia. / Hosoishi, Shingo; Hashimoto, Yoshiaki; Park, Sang Hyun; Yamane, Seiki; Ogata, Kazuo.

In: Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Vol. 65, 01.01.2017, p. 416-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{56a57cfc445a4aef94013458fcec3836,
title = "A comparison of ground-dwelling and arboreal ant assemblages (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in lowland forests of cambodia",
abstract = "This paper presents the first comprehensive description of the ant fauna of Cambodia, most of which has not yet been extensively surveyed. The aim was to investigate ground-dwelling and arboreal ant fauna in three types of lowland forest in Cambodia and assess the bioindicator value of ant communities along forest disturbance gradient. The ground ant fauna was sampled by Winkler extraction, and the arboreal ant fauna by time unit sampling. A total of 101 ant species belonging to 40 genera in nine subfamilies was collected. Of these species, 41 were collected in the community forest (CF; habitat with high disturbance), 52 in regrowth forest (RF), and 61 in natural (undisturbed) forest (NF). Although the total species richness hence declined with the level of disturbance, it did not differ significantly among the three forest types. A comparison between ground and arboreal fauna showed an overlap of nine species (22{\%}) in CF, 4 spp. (8{\%}) in RF, and 7 spp. (11{\%}) in NF. Non-metric multi dimensional scaling revealed that the ground ant fauna in CF greatly differed from the ground ant fauna in both RF and NF, which were rather similar in their species composition. Conversely, the arboreal ant fauna in the CF differed less from the arboreal ant fauna in RF and NF sites. However, there was much a higher occurrence of invasive ant species in CF than in the other forest types. The results suggest that higher level of disturbance due to logging and inundation common in community forests affects more the ground than arboreal ant fauna. The high number of ant species collected, well-defined vertical stratification of their communities, and the relatively high species turnover along the forest disturbance gradient confirm the importance of Cambodian lowland forests for biodiversity conservation programs and of the ants as usable indicator animal group of the disturbance.",
author = "Shingo Hosoishi and Yoshiaki Hashimoto and Park, {Sang Hyun} and Seiki Yamane and Kazuo Ogata",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "416--425",
journal = "Raffles Bulletin of Zoology",
issn = "0217-2445",
publisher = "National University of Singapore",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of ground-dwelling and arboreal ant assemblages (Hymenoptera

T2 - Formicidae) in lowland forests of cambodia

AU - Hosoishi, Shingo

AU - Hashimoto, Yoshiaki

AU - Park, Sang Hyun

AU - Yamane, Seiki

AU - Ogata, Kazuo

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - This paper presents the first comprehensive description of the ant fauna of Cambodia, most of which has not yet been extensively surveyed. The aim was to investigate ground-dwelling and arboreal ant fauna in three types of lowland forest in Cambodia and assess the bioindicator value of ant communities along forest disturbance gradient. The ground ant fauna was sampled by Winkler extraction, and the arboreal ant fauna by time unit sampling. A total of 101 ant species belonging to 40 genera in nine subfamilies was collected. Of these species, 41 were collected in the community forest (CF; habitat with high disturbance), 52 in regrowth forest (RF), and 61 in natural (undisturbed) forest (NF). Although the total species richness hence declined with the level of disturbance, it did not differ significantly among the three forest types. A comparison between ground and arboreal fauna showed an overlap of nine species (22%) in CF, 4 spp. (8%) in RF, and 7 spp. (11%) in NF. Non-metric multi dimensional scaling revealed that the ground ant fauna in CF greatly differed from the ground ant fauna in both RF and NF, which were rather similar in their species composition. Conversely, the arboreal ant fauna in the CF differed less from the arboreal ant fauna in RF and NF sites. However, there was much a higher occurrence of invasive ant species in CF than in the other forest types. The results suggest that higher level of disturbance due to logging and inundation common in community forests affects more the ground than arboreal ant fauna. The high number of ant species collected, well-defined vertical stratification of their communities, and the relatively high species turnover along the forest disturbance gradient confirm the importance of Cambodian lowland forests for biodiversity conservation programs and of the ants as usable indicator animal group of the disturbance.

AB - This paper presents the first comprehensive description of the ant fauna of Cambodia, most of which has not yet been extensively surveyed. The aim was to investigate ground-dwelling and arboreal ant fauna in three types of lowland forest in Cambodia and assess the bioindicator value of ant communities along forest disturbance gradient. The ground ant fauna was sampled by Winkler extraction, and the arboreal ant fauna by time unit sampling. A total of 101 ant species belonging to 40 genera in nine subfamilies was collected. Of these species, 41 were collected in the community forest (CF; habitat with high disturbance), 52 in regrowth forest (RF), and 61 in natural (undisturbed) forest (NF). Although the total species richness hence declined with the level of disturbance, it did not differ significantly among the three forest types. A comparison between ground and arboreal fauna showed an overlap of nine species (22%) in CF, 4 spp. (8%) in RF, and 7 spp. (11%) in NF. Non-metric multi dimensional scaling revealed that the ground ant fauna in CF greatly differed from the ground ant fauna in both RF and NF, which were rather similar in their species composition. Conversely, the arboreal ant fauna in the CF differed less from the arboreal ant fauna in RF and NF sites. However, there was much a higher occurrence of invasive ant species in CF than in the other forest types. The results suggest that higher level of disturbance due to logging and inundation common in community forests affects more the ground than arboreal ant fauna. The high number of ant species collected, well-defined vertical stratification of their communities, and the relatively high species turnover along the forest disturbance gradient confirm the importance of Cambodian lowland forests for biodiversity conservation programs and of the ants as usable indicator animal group of the disturbance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028957295&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028957295&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85028957295

VL - 65

SP - 416

EP - 425

JO - Raffles Bulletin of Zoology

JF - Raffles Bulletin of Zoology

SN - 0217-2445

ER -