A comparison of the potential unfavorable effects of oxycholesterol and oxyphytosterol in mice

Different effects, on cerebral 24S-hydroxychoelsterol and serum triacylglycerols levels

Hyunjung Bang, Chiyo Arakawa, Michihiro Takada, Masao Sato, Katsumi Imaizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sterol oxidation products derived from cholesterol and phytosterol are formed during the processing and storage of foods. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential unfavorable effects of oxysterols in mice. C57BL/6J mice were fed an AIN-93G-based diet containing 0.2 g/kg of oxycholesterol or oxyphytosterol for 4 weeks. The most abundant oxysterol in the diet was 7-ketosterol, but α-epoxycholesterol, β-epoxycholesterol, or 7α-hydroxyphytosterol, and 7β-hydroxyphytosterol were more prominent than 7-ketosterol in the serum and liver respectively. Consumption of both oxysterols resulted in an increased in 4β-hydroxycholesterol and total oxycholesterol in the liver, but the oxycholesterol-fed mice had a lower level of cerebral 24S-hydroxycholesterol and a higher level of the serum triacylglycerols than the control and oxyphytosterol groups. These results indicate that both oxysterols in the diet are accumulated in the body, but that the biological effect of oxycholesterol is different from that of oxyphytosterol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3128-3133
Number of pages6
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume72
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

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Nutrition
Triglycerides
Liver
Diet
Serum
Phytosterols
Food Storage
Sterols
Food Handling
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Cholesterol
Oxidation
Processing
Control Groups
Oxysterols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Sterol oxidation products derived from cholesterol and phytosterol are formed during the processing and storage of foods. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential unfavorable effects of oxysterols in mice. C57BL/6J mice were fed an AIN-93G-based diet containing 0.2 g/kg of oxycholesterol or oxyphytosterol for 4 weeks. The most abundant oxysterol in the diet was 7-ketosterol, but α-epoxycholesterol, β-epoxycholesterol, or 7α-hydroxyphytosterol, and 7β-hydroxyphytosterol were more prominent than 7-ketosterol in the serum and liver respectively. Consumption of both oxysterols resulted in an increased in 4β-hydroxycholesterol and total oxycholesterol in the liver, but the oxycholesterol-fed mice had a lower level of cerebral 24S-hydroxycholesterol and a higher level of the serum triacylglycerols than the control and oxyphytosterol groups. These results indicate that both oxysterols in the diet are accumulated in the body, but that the biological effect of oxycholesterol is different from that of oxyphytosterol.",
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AU - Sato, Masao

AU - Imaizumi, Katsumi

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AB - Sterol oxidation products derived from cholesterol and phytosterol are formed during the processing and storage of foods. The objective of the present study was to assess the potential unfavorable effects of oxysterols in mice. C57BL/6J mice were fed an AIN-93G-based diet containing 0.2 g/kg of oxycholesterol or oxyphytosterol for 4 weeks. The most abundant oxysterol in the diet was 7-ketosterol, but α-epoxycholesterol, β-epoxycholesterol, or 7α-hydroxyphytosterol, and 7β-hydroxyphytosterol were more prominent than 7-ketosterol in the serum and liver respectively. Consumption of both oxysterols resulted in an increased in 4β-hydroxycholesterol and total oxycholesterol in the liver, but the oxycholesterol-fed mice had a lower level of cerebral 24S-hydroxycholesterol and a higher level of the serum triacylglycerols than the control and oxyphytosterol groups. These results indicate that both oxysterols in the diet are accumulated in the body, but that the biological effect of oxycholesterol is different from that of oxyphytosterol.

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