Objectives: To develop an automated model to detect brain metastases using a convolutional neural network (CNN) and volume isotropic simultaneous interleaved bright-blood and black-blood examination (VISIBLE) and to compare its diagnostic performance with the observer test. Methods: This retrospective study included patients with clinical suspicion of brain metastases imaged with VISIBLE from March 2016 to July 2019 to create a model. Images with and without blood vessel suppression were used for training an existing CNN (DeepMedic). Diagnostic performance was evaluated using sensitivity and false-positive results per case (FPs/case). We compared the diagnostic performance of the CNN model with that of the twelve radiologists. Results: Fifty patients (30 males and 20 females; age range 29–86 years; mean 63.3 ± 12.8 years; a total of 165 metastases) who were clinically diagnosed with brain metastasis on follow-up were used for the training. The sensitivity of our model was 91.7%, which was higher than that of the observer test (mean ± standard deviation; 88.7 ± 3.7%). The number of FPs/case in our model was 1.5, which was greater than that by the observer test (0.17 ± 0.09). Conclusions: Compared to radiologists, our model created by VISIBLE and CNN to diagnose brain metastases showed higher sensitivity. The number of FPs/case by our model was greater than that by the observer test of radiologists; however, it was less than that in most of the previous studies with deep learning. Key Points: • Our convolutional neural network based on bright-blood and black-blood examination to diagnose brain metastases showed a higher sensitivity than that by the observer test. • The number of false-positives/case by our model was greater than that by the previous observer test; however, it was less than those from most previous studies. • In our model, false-positives were found in the vessels, choroid plexus, and image noise or unknown causes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging