Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in the control of myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) by nitric oxide (NO). A NOS isoform is present in cardiac mitochondria and it is derived from neuronal NOS (nNOS). However, the role of nNOS in the control of MVO2 remains unknown. MVO2 in left ventricular tissues from nNOS -/- mice was measured in vitro. Stimulation of NO production by bradykinin or carbachol induced a significant reduction in MVO2 in wild-type (WT) mice. In contrast to WT, bradykinin- or carbachol-induced reduction in MVO2 was attenuated in nNOS-/-. S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline, a potent isoform selective inhibitor of nNOS, had no effect on bradykinin-induced reduction in MVO2 in WT. Bradykinin-induced reduction in MVO2 in eNOS-/- mice, in which nNOS still exists, was also attenuated. The attenuated bradykinin-induced reduction in MVO2 in nNOS-/- was restored by preincubation with Tiron, ascorbic acid, Tempol, oxypurinol, or SB203850, an inhibitor of p38 kinase, but not apocynin. There was an increase in lucigenin-detectable superoxide anion (O2-) in cardiac tissues from nNOS -/- compared with WT. Tempol, oxypurinol, or SB203850 decreased O2- in all groups to levels that were not different from each other. There was an increase in phosphorylated p38 kinase normalized by total p38 kinase protein level in nNOS-/- compared with WT mice. These results indicate that a defect of nNOS increases O2- through the activation of xanthine oxidase, which is mediated by the activation of p38 kinase, and attenuates the control of MVO2 by NO derived from eNOS.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 18 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine