Impurity transport of carbon has been studied using a new method combined carbon pellet injection with high-spatial resolution bremsstrahlung measurement on the Large Helical Device [A. Iiyoshi et al., Fusion Technol. 17, 169 (1990)]. The carbon pellets are injected into a steady phase in neutral beam heated discharges with a standard configuration of Rax=3.6 m. The particle transport coefficients (diffusion coefficient D and convective velocity V) are inferred using a diffusive/ convective model. The results are compared between hydrogen and helium plasmas. As a result, it is found that the analyzed D has a constant radial profile with almost closed values of 0.2 m2/s in both plasmas. On the other hand, the inward V is required only at the plasma outer region (ρ>0.6) where the electron density gradient exits, and the inward V in helium plasmas (-0.4 m/s at ρ=0.8 and ne∼4. 0×1019 m-3) is nearly half as much as that in hydrogen plasmas (-0.7 m/s). This difference of the inward V between hydrogen and helium plasmas suggests a dependence on the charge state of fuel ions predicted from neoclassical theory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics