A Dialogue-Based Approach to Subjective Well-Being: Co-Interpreting the Meaning of Daily Experiences

Qiumeng Qi, Hirofumi Minami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Different from statistically analyzed self-reports of Subjective Well-Being (SWB), we explored how dialogue engenders the meaning of SWB as constituted through an individual’s daily experiences. A revised Day Reconstruction Method (DRM; Kahneman et al. 2004) was used to describe the participants’ previous day episodically, followed by a semi-structured life world interview (Kvale 1996) for the explication through dialogue of those episodes. The results of qualitative analyses on the structure and contents of the discourse of the DRM and interviews with three participants highlighted the following: 1) the participants construed the meaning of daily experiences by organizing and weighting them in individualized ways; 2) the meaning of daily episodes emerged and was clarified in the process of collaborative dialogue in the interview as well as in the analyses, and was vividly expressed in particular protocol sequences; and 3) Kelly’s (1955) notion of Personal Construct is applicable to make sense of individualized narratives as a form of Well-Being. We concluded that the subjectivity of SWB does not merely imply the first-person authority in charge of the evaluation in the questionnaires, but rather is understood as a construct that reveals the personal meaning of one’s daily experiences. The emergent quality of this process is crucial for understanding the nature of subjectivity in SWB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-71
Number of pages20
JournalIntegrative Psychological and Behavioral Science
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Anthropology
  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology

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