PURPOSE: The validation of tumor, node, metastasis staging system in terms of prognosis is an indispensable part of establishing a better staging system in lung cancer. METHODS: In 2005, 387 Japanese institutions submitted information regarding the prognosis and clinicopathologic profiles of patients who underwent pulmonary resections for primary lung neoplasms in 1999 to the Japanese Joint Committee of Lung Cancer Registry. The data of 13,010 patients with only lung carcinoma histology (97.6%) were analyzed in terms of prognosis and clinicopathologic characteristics. RESULTS: The 5-year survival rate of the entire group was 61.4%. For the small cell histology (n = 390), the 5-year survival rates according to clinical (c) and pathologic (p) stages were as follows: 58.8% (n = 161) and 58.3% (n = 127) for IA, 58.0% (n = 77) and 60.2% (n = 79) for IB, 47.1% (n = 17) and 40.6% (n = 29) for IIA, 25.3% (n = 38) and 41.1% (n = 29) for IIB, 29.0% (n = 61) and 28.3% (n = 60) for IIIA, 36.3% (n = 19) and 34.6% (n = 40) for IIIB, and 27.8% (n = 12) and 30.8% for IV (n = 13). For the non-small cell histology (n = 12,620), the 5-year survival rates according to c-stage and p-stage were as follows: 77.3% (n = 5642) and 83.9% (n = 4772) for IA, 59.8% (n = 3081) and 66.3% (n = 2629) for IB, 54.1% (n = 205) and 61.0% (n = 361) for IIA, 43.9% (n = 1227) and 47.4% (n = 1330) for IIB, 38.3% (n = 1628) and 32.8% (n = 1862) for IIIA, 32.6% (n = 526) and 29.6% (n = 1108) for IIIB, and 26.5% (n = 198) and 23.1% (n = 375) for IV. Adenocarcinoma, female gender, and age less than 50 years were significant favorable prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: This large registry study provides benchmark prognostic statistics for lung cancer. The prognostic difference between stages IB and IIA was small despite different stages. Otherwise, the present tumor, node, metastasis staging system well characterizes the stage-specific prognoses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine