A kinetic study on methanogenesis by attached biomass in a fluidized bed

Takahiro Kuba, H. Furumai, T. Kusuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to estimate growth kinetic constants and the concentration of "active" attached biomass in an anaerobic fluidized bed, which decomposes acetic, propionic and butyric acids. The fluidized bed was operated as a methanogenic reactor with synthetic zeolite as support media. The reactor was supplied with synthetic wastewater (1000 mg COD l-1), a mixture of the above-mentioned volatile fatty acids (VFA), in the range of hydraulic retention time (HRT) from 0.25 to 2 days. After the effluent has reached a steady state in quality, batch experiments in the bed reactor were conducted using acetic, propionic and butyric acids as substrate in order to investigate the decomposition characteristics of each substrate by the attached biomass. Detached biomass from the support media was also served to batch experiments under the completely mixed condition in order to estimate parameter values of the growth kinetics of the bacteria. The changes of fatty acid concentrations with time were expressed with the Monod growth model. The two kinetics parameters, maximum specific growth rates and saturation constants, and "active" biomass concentrations were obtained by the curve fitting method. The comparison of the measured concentration of volatile suspended solids (VSS) and protein with the estimated "active" biomass concentrations indicated that a large amount of inert organic matter exists in the attached growth reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1372
Number of pages8
JournalWater Research
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

Fingerprint

methanogenesis
Fluidized beds
Biomass
kinetics
biomass
Propionic acid
Butyric acid
Growth kinetics
Acetic acid
fatty acid
Volatile fatty acids
substrate
acid
Curve fitting
Substrates
Fatty acids
Kinetic parameters
zeolite
Biological materials
Effluents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

A kinetic study on methanogenesis by attached biomass in a fluidized bed. / Kuba, Takahiro; Furumai, H.; Kusuda, T.

In: Water Research, Vol. 24, No. 11, 01.01.1990, p. 1365-1372.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuba, Takahiro ; Furumai, H. ; Kusuda, T. / A kinetic study on methanogenesis by attached biomass in a fluidized bed. In: Water Research. 1990 ; Vol. 24, No. 11. pp. 1365-1372.
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