A long-distance stereoscopic detector for partially occluding surfaces

Hiroyuki Mitsudo, Sachio Nakamizo, Hiroshi Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


An external noise technique was used to investigate the stereoscopic process that generates an illusory phantom occluder from binocularly unmatched elements. Observers were required to identify the quadrant in which a binocularly defined target was presented. We had three targets: (a) two vertical binocular bars with the unmatched portions arranged to induce a stable phantom occluder (valid), (b) the same stimuli except the image for the left eye was switched with that for the right eye therefore not inducing a stable occluder (invalid), and (c) a single binocular bar with the same unmatched portion (single-bar). For each target, the luminance contrast of the signal required for 75% correct responses was measured at four levels of external interocular noise. Contrast thresholds were found to be lower for the valid target than for both the invalid and the single-bar targets. The results suggest that the visual system has a stereoscopic detector that responds to stimuli that meet a long-distance requirement for the perception of partially occluding surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1180-1186
Number of pages7
JournalVision Research
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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