A low-crystalline ruthenium nano-layer supported on praseodymium oxide as an active catalyst for ammonia synthesis

Katsutoshi Sato, Kazuya Imamura, Yukiko Kawano, Shin ichiro Miyahara, Tomokazu Yamamoto, Syo Matsumura, Katsutoshi Nagaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ammonia is a crucial chemical feedstock for fertilizer production and is a potential energy carrier. However, the current method of synthesizing ammonia, the Haber-Bosch process, consumes a great deal of energy. To reduce energy consumption, a process and a substance that can catalyze ammonia synthesis under mild conditions (low temperature and low pressure) are strongly needed. Here we show that Ru/Pr2O3 without any dopant catalyzes ammonia synthesis under mild conditions at 1.8 times the rates reported with other highly active catalysts. Scanning transmission electron micrograph observations and energy dispersive X-ray analyses revealed the formation of low-crystalline nano-layers of ruthenium on the surface of Pr2O3. Furthermore, CO2 temperature-programmed desorption revealed that the catalyst was strongly basic. These unique structural and electronic characteristics are considered to synergistically accelerate the rate-determining step of NH3 synthesis, cleavage of the N&z.tbd;N bond. We expect that the use of this catalyst will be a starting point for achieving efficient ammonia synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-679
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Science
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Praseodymium
Ruthenium
Ammonia
Oxides
Crystalline materials
Catalysts
Fertilizers
Temperature programmed desorption
Potential energy
Feedstocks
Energy utilization
Doping (additives)
Scanning
X rays
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

A low-crystalline ruthenium nano-layer supported on praseodymium oxide as an active catalyst for ammonia synthesis. / Sato, Katsutoshi; Imamura, Kazuya; Kawano, Yukiko; Miyahara, Shin ichiro; Yamamoto, Tomokazu; Matsumura, Syo; Nagaoka, Katsutoshi.

In: Chemical Science, Vol. 8, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 674-679.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sato, Katsutoshi ; Imamura, Kazuya ; Kawano, Yukiko ; Miyahara, Shin ichiro ; Yamamoto, Tomokazu ; Matsumura, Syo ; Nagaoka, Katsutoshi. / A low-crystalline ruthenium nano-layer supported on praseodymium oxide as an active catalyst for ammonia synthesis. In: Chemical Science. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 674-679.
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