A male case with CDKL5-associated encephalopathy manifesting transient methylmalonic acidemia

Satoshi Akamine, Yoshito Ishizaki, Yasunari Sakai, Hiroyuki Torisu, Ryoko Fukai, Noriko Miyake, Kazuhiro Ohkubo, Hiroshi Koga, Masafumi Sanefuji, Ayumi Sakata, Masahiko Kimura, Seiji Yamaguchi, Osamu Sakamoto, Toshiro Hara, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto, Shouichi Ohga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in the X-linked gene CDKL5 cause early-onset epileptic encephalopathy and severe developmental delay. Because this disorder predominantly affects females, the full clinical spectrum of male patients remains elusive. We herein report a 16-year-old boy, who suffered from intractable seizures 20 days after birth. Serial electroencephalograms detected recurrent focal epileptiform discharges from age 4 months, which evolved to hypsarrhythmia later in infancy. Mass-spectrometric analyses revealed increase in urinary excretion of methylmalonic acid without perturbed concentrations of propionic acid, homocystein and methionine. Whole-exome sequencing identified a de novo, truncating mutation in CDKL5 (NM_003159.2:c.419dupA, p.Asn140Lysfs*8). Targeted sequencing excluded concomitant mutations in methylmalonic academia-associated genes. No methylmalonic acidemia has been reported in children with CDKL5 disorder. Extensive analyses on organic acid metabolism for males with CDKL5 mutations will gain more insight into their biochemical profiles in infancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-454
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume61
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Akamine, S., Ishizaki, Y., Sakai, Y., Torisu, H., Fukai, R., Miyake, N., Ohkubo, K., Koga, H., Sanefuji, M., Sakata, A., Kimura, M., Yamaguchi, S., Sakamoto, O., Hara, T., Saitsu, H., Matsumoto, N., & Ohga, S. (2018). A male case with CDKL5-associated encephalopathy manifesting transient methylmalonic acidemia. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 61(8), 451-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.03.003