Serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT; EC 22.214.171.124) catalyzes the initial step dedicated to sphingolipid biosynthesis and is thought to be a key enzyme for regulating cellular sphingolipid content. For SPT activity, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires two genes, LCB1 and LCB2. We isolated mammalian LCB1 cDNA homologs from mouse and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and an LCB2 cDNA homolog from CHO cells. The mammalian LCB1 proteins are predicted to have about 35% amino acid identity to the yeast Lcb1 protein, whereas the CHO LCB2 protein is predicted to have about 40% amino acid identity to the yeast Lcb2 protein. Northern blot analysis of mRNA isolated from various mouse tissues revealed that the tissue distribution of both LCB1 and LCB2 messengers followed a similar pattern. Transfection of an SPT- defective CHO mutant strain with a CHO LCB1-expressing plasmid restored both SPT activity and de novo sphingolipid synthesis to the wild type levels, whereas transfection of the mutant strain with a CHO LCB2-expressing plasmid did not exhibit any recovery effects, indicating that the SPT defect in the mutant cells is specifically complemented by the CHO LCB1 homolog. Furthermore, when the SPT-defective mutant cells were transfected with a plasmid encoding a His6-tagged CHO LCB1 protein, SPT activity bound to a Ni2+-immobilized resin. These results indicate that the CHO LCB1 homolog encodes a component of SPT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology