A mechanism of photocatalytic and adsorptive treatment of 2,4-dinitrophenol on a porous thin film of TiO2 covering granular activated carbon particles

Xiangyu Cao, Fumihide Shiraishi

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work investigates the mechanism of the photocatalytic and adsorptive treatment of an aqueous DNP (2,4-dinitrophenol) solution in an annular-flow reactor installed with a TiO2/AC-PET film (a polyethylene terephthalate film adhesively fixing activated carbon particles covered with a thin and porous film of titanium dioxide). Unfortunately, the experimental result indicates that it is impossible to correctly measure the time courses of product ion concentrations because they are adsorbed onto or desorbed from AC particles. Therefore, a computer simulation methodology using mathematical models is introduced in order to elucidate the treatment mechanism. Treatments of aqueous DNP solutions using the TiO2-PET film reveal that the diffusion of DNP from a bulk solution to a TiO2 film is based on the gradient of DNP concentration, generated by a rapid adsorption of DNP onto AC and photocatalytic reaction, in the very neighborhood of TiO2 film, and this diffusion increases the DNP concentration at the surface of TiO2 film, thereby enhancing the rate of photocatalytic decomposition. Moreover, it is found that the TiO2/AC-PET film can lower the burden of the adsorption of DNP onto AC compared with the AC-PET film because a part of DNP molecules are photocatalytically decomposed and the percentage of this decomposition is increased at a lower linear velocity. In conclusion, the mathematical model taking into consideration a film-diffusional effect can successfully explain the complicated mechanism of the treatment of an aqueous DNP solution using the TiO2/AC-PET film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-659
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume160
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010

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2,4-Dinitrophenol
Activated carbon
activated carbon
Thin films
particle
decomposition
Mathematical models
Decomposition
adsorption
Adsorption
Polyethylene Terephthalates
Polyethylene terephthalates
computer simulation
Titanium dioxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The present work investigates the mechanism of the photocatalytic and adsorptive treatment of an aqueous DNP (2,4-dinitrophenol) solution in an annular-flow reactor installed with a TiO2/AC-PET film (a polyethylene terephthalate film adhesively fixing activated carbon particles covered with a thin and porous film of titanium dioxide). Unfortunately, the experimental result indicates that it is impossible to correctly measure the time courses of product ion concentrations because they are adsorbed onto or desorbed from AC particles. Therefore, a computer simulation methodology using mathematical models is introduced in order to elucidate the treatment mechanism. Treatments of aqueous DNP solutions using the TiO2-PET film reveal that the diffusion of DNP from a bulk solution to a TiO2 film is based on the gradient of DNP concentration, generated by a rapid adsorption of DNP onto AC and photocatalytic reaction, in the very neighborhood of TiO2 film, and this diffusion increases the DNP concentration at the surface of TiO2 film, thereby enhancing the rate of photocatalytic decomposition. Moreover, it is found that the TiO2/AC-PET film can lower the burden of the adsorption of DNP onto AC compared with the AC-PET film because a part of DNP molecules are photocatalytically decomposed and the percentage of this decomposition is increased at a lower linear velocity. In conclusion, the mathematical model taking into consideration a film-diffusional effect can successfully explain the complicated mechanism of the treatment of an aqueous DNP solution using the TiO2/AC-PET film.",
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