A MIR-29b byproduct sequence exhibits potent tumor-suppressive activities via inhibition of nf-kb signaling in kras-mutant colon cancer cells

Akira Inoue, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Xin Wu, Daisuke Okuzaki, Nanami Kambara, Sho Ishikawa, Jiaqi Wang, Yamin Qian, Haruka Hirose, Yuhki Yokoyama, Ryo Ikeshima, Masayuki Hiraki, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hirofumi Yamamoto

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously demonstrated that miR-29b-3p is a hopeful miRNA-based therapy against colorectal cancer. In this study, we aimed to clarify a value of miR-29b-1-5p as a next-generation treatment, especially for KRAS-mutant colorectal cancer. RT-PCR assay showed that the expression of miR-29b-3p was high, and its partner strand, miR-29b-1-5p, level was only negligible in clinical colorectal cancer samples. Mimic-miR-29b-1-5p significantly inhibited proliferation of KRAS-mutant colorectal cancer cell lines DLD1 and SW480 and KRAS wild-type HT29 cells. Proliferative activity was further examined by either miR-29b-1-5p strand or its opposite complementary sequence because miR-29b-1-5p is a passenger miRNA and may have no physiologic function. We found that completely opposite complementary strand to miR-29b-1-5p, but not miR-29b-1-5p, possessed a potent antitumor effect and named this byproduct miRNA sequence "MIRTX." MIRTX directly targeted the 3 0 -UTR of CXCR2 and PIK3R1 mRNA and suppressed the NF-kB signaling pathway in KRAS-mutated colorectal cancer cells. MIRTX induced apoptosis in DLD1 with downregulation of antiapoptotic BCL2, BCL-xL, and MCL1 and upregulation of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. In mouse xenograft models, systemic administration of MIRTX using a super carbonate apatite as a delivery vehicle significantly inhibited tumor growth of DLD1 and HT29 cells without any particular toxicities. In conclusion, these findings indicate that inhibition of NF-kB signaling by this novel miRNA-based therapeutic could be a promising treatment against refractory KRAS-mutant colorectal cancer and KRAS wild-type colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-987
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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