A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP

M. Z. Akrawy, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. P. Allport, K. J. Anderson, J. C. Armitage, P. Ashton, A. Astbury, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, J. T.M. Baines, A. H. Ball, J. Banks, G. J. Barker, R. J. Barlow, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, J. Becker, T. Behnke & 279 others K. W. Bell, G. Bella, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, U. Binder, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, S. Bougerolle, B. B. Brabson, H. Breuker, R. M. Brown, R. Brun, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, J. T.M. Chrin, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, W. J. Collins, J. E. Conboy, M. Cooper, M. Couch, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, P. Debu, M. M. Dennino, A. Dieckmann, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. Duchovni, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, P. Farthouat, M. Fincke-Keeler, H. M. Fischer, D. G. Fong, C. Fukunaga, A. Gaidot, O. Ganel, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, G. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, E. Gross, H. Hagedorn, J. Hagemann, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, I. Harrus, J. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, D. A. Hinshaw, C. Ho, J. D. Hobbs, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, B. Holl, R. J. Homer, S. R. Hou, C. P. Howarth, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, L. Janissen, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jobes, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, D. Karlen, Kiyotomo Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, C. Kleinwort, D. E. Klem, G. Knop, T. Kobayashi, T. P. Kokott, L. Köpke, R. Kowalewski, H. Kreutzmann, J. von Krogh, J. Kroll, M. Kuwano, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, F. Lamarche, W. J. Larson, J. G. Layter, P. Le Du, P. Leblanc, A. M. Lee, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, P. Lennert, C. Leroy, L. Lessard, S. Levegrün, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. M. Lorah, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, X. C. Lou, J. Ludwig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, G. Maringer, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, D. Menszner, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, C. Milstene, M. Minowa, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. W. Moss, P. G. Murphy, W. J. Murray, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, M. Nozaki, S. W. O'Neale, B. P. O'Neill, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, M. Ogg, H. O. Ogren, H. Oh, C. J. Oram, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, P. Paschievici, G. N. Patrick, S. J. Pawley, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. L. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Pouladdej, E. Prebys, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, M. Regimbald, K. Riles, C. M. Roach, S. A. Robins, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, S. Sanghera, M. Sasaki, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, W. Schappert, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, H. von der Schmitt, S. Schreiber, J. Schwarz, M. Settles, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, R. Shypit, A. Simon, P. Singh, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, H. E. Stier, R. Stroehmer, D. Strom, H. Takeda, T. Takeshita, P. Taras, S. Tarem, N. J. Thackray, T. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, D. Van den plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, C. J. Virtue, A. Wagner, C. Wahl, J. P. Walker, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Weber, S. Weisz, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, M. Weymann, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, I. Wingerter, V. H. Winterer, N. C. Wood, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, Y. Yang, G. Yekutieli, T. Yoshida, I. Zacharov, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quark and gluon in 3-jet events from hadronic Z0 decays are identified through use of the semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom quarks. This tagging method allows geometrically symmetric or transposed configurations of the quark and gluon jets to be selected, permitting a study of the asymmetry in the population of particles in the regions between jets, commonly called the string effect, which avoids restrictions present in previous studies. In particular, our demonstration of a population asymmetry is performed without use of a model. Our results imply that dynamical differences exist between quarks and gluons or between quark-antiquark and quark-gluon jet systems with respect to their particle production properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-346
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume261
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 30 1991

Fingerprint

marking
strings
quarks
asymmetry
particle production
gluons
decay
constrictions
configurations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Akrawy, M. Z., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Allport, P. P., Anderson, K. J., Armitage, J. C., ... Zorn, G. T. (1991). A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP. Physics Letters B, 261(3), 334-346. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90337-P

A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP. / Akrawy, M. Z.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Allport, P. P.; Anderson, K. J.; Armitage, J. C.; Ashton, P.; Astbury, A.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Baines, J. T.M.; Ball, A. H.; Banks, J.; Barker, G. J.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Becker, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Binder, U.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Bougerolle, S.; Brabson, B. B.; Breuker, H.; Brown, R. M.; Brun, R.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H. J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrin, J. T.M.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Cohen, I.; Collins, W. J.; Conboy, J. E.; Cooper, M.; Couch, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; De Jong, S.; Debu, P.; Dennino, M. M.; Dieckmann, A.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M. S.; Duchovni, E.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Dumas, D. J.P.; Elcombe, P. A.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Farthouat, P.; Fincke-Keeler, M.; Fischer, H. M.; Fong, D. G.; Fukunaga, C.; Gaidot, A.; Ganel, O.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Geddes, N. I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Giacomelli, G.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gillies, J. D.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Gross, E.; Hagedorn, H.; Hagemann, J.; Hanson, G. G.; Hansroul, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harrus, I.; Hart, J.; Hattersley, P. M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Heflin, E.; Hemingway, R. J.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Ho, C.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hobson, P. R.; Hochman, D.; Holl, B.; Homer, R. J.; Hou, S. R.; Howarth, C. P.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Humbert, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ihssen, H.; Imrie, D. C.; Janissen, L.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jobes, M.; Jones, R. W.L.; Jovanovic, P.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kleinwort, C.; Klem, D. E.; Knop, G.; Kobayashi, T.; Kokott, T. P.; Köpke, L.; Kowalewski, R.; Kreutzmann, H.; von Krogh, J.; Kroll, J.; Kuwano, M.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lamarche, F.; Larson, W. J.; Layter, J. G.; Le Du, P.; Leblanc, P.; Lee, A. M.; Lehto, M. H.; Lellouch, D.; Lennert, P.; Leroy, C.; Lessard, L.; Levegrün, S.; Levinson, L.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lorah, J. M.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Lou, X. C.; Ludwig, J.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Maringer, G.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; Maur, U.; McMahon, T. J.; McNutt, J. R.; Meijers, F.; Menszner, D.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Middleton, R. P.; Mikenberg, G.; Mildenberger, J.; Miller, D. J.; Milstene, C.; Minowa, M.; Mohr, W.; Moisan, C.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Moss, M. W.; Murphy, P. G.; Murray, W. J.; Nellen, B.; Nguyen, H. H.; Nozaki, M.; O'Neale, S. W.; O'Neill, B. P.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogg, M.; Ogren, H. O.; Oh, H.; Oram, C. J.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pansart, J. P.; Paschievici, P.; Patrick, G. N.; Pawley, S. J.; Pfister, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J. L.; Plane, D. E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Pouladdej, A.; Prebys, E.; Pritchard, T. W.; Przysiezniak, H.; Quast, G.; Redmond, M. W.; Rees, D. L.; Regimbald, M.; Riles, K.; Roach, C. M.; Robins, S. A.; Rollnik, A.; Roney, J. M.; Rossberg, S.; Rossi, A. M.; Routenburg, P.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sanghera, S.; Sasaki, M.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Schappert, W.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schenk, P.; von der Schmitt, H.; Schreiber, S.; Schwarz, J.; Settles, M.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Shypit, R.; Simon, A.; Singh, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stephens, K.; Stier, H. E.; Stroehmer, R.; Strom, D.; Takeda, H.; Takeshita, T.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Thackray, N. J.; Tsukamoto, T.; Turner, M. F.; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.; Van den plas, D.; Van Kooten, R.; VanDalen, G. J.; Vasseur, G.; Virtue, C. J.; Wagner, A.; Wahl, C.; Walker, J. P.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, M.; Weisz, S.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; Weymann, M.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wingerter, I.; Winterer, V. H.; Wood, N. C.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yaari, R.; Yang, Y.; Yekutieli, G.; Yoshida, T.; Zacharov, I.; Zeuner, W.; Zorn, G. T.

In: Physics Letters B, Vol. 261, No. 3, 30.05.1991, p. 334-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Akrawy, MZ, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Allport, PP, Anderson, KJ, Armitage, JC, Ashton, P, Astbury, A, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Baines, JTM, Ball, AH, Banks, J, Barker, GJ, Barlow, RJ, Batley, JR, Beaudoin, G, Beck, A, Becker, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Binder, U, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Bougerolle, S, Brabson, BB, Breuker, H, Brown, RM, Brun, R, Buijs, A, Burckhart, HJ, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chrin, JTM, Clarke, PEL, Cohen, I, Collins, WJ, Conboy, JE, Cooper, M, Couch, M, Coupland, M, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, De Jong, S, Debu, P, Dennino, MM, Dieckmann, A, Dittmar, M, Dixit, MS, Duchovni, E, Duerdoth, IP, Dumas, DJP, Elcombe, PA, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Farthouat, P, Fincke-Keeler, M, Fischer, HM, Fong, DG, Fukunaga, C, Gaidot, A, Ganel, O, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, Geddes, NI, Geich-Gimbel, C, Gensler, SW, Gentit, FX, Giacomelli, G, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gillies, JD, Goldberg, J, Goodrick, MJ, Gorn, W, Gross, E, Hagedorn, H, Hagemann, J, Hanson, GG, Hansroul, M, Hargrove, CK, Harrus, I, Hart, J, Hattersley, PM, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Heflin, E, Hemingway, RJ, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hinshaw, DA, Ho, C, Hobbs, JD, Hobson, PR, Hochman, D, Holl, B, Homer, RJ, Hou, SR, Howarth, CP, Hughes-Jones, RE, Humbert, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ihssen, H, Imrie, DC, Janissen, L, Jawahery, A, Jeffreys, PW, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jobes, M, Jones, RWL, Jovanovic, P, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kleinwort, C, Klem, DE, Knop, G, Kobayashi, T, Kokott, TP, Köpke, L, Kowalewski, R, Kreutzmann, H, von Krogh, J, Kroll, J, Kuwano, M, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lamarche, F, Larson, WJ, Layter, JG, Le Du, P, Leblanc, P, Lee, AM, Lehto, MH, Lellouch, D, Lennert, P, Leroy, C, Lessard, L, Levegrün, S, Levinson, L, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lorah, JM, Lorazo, B, Losty, MJ, Lou, XC, Ludwig, J, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Maringer, G, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, Maur, U, McMahon, TJ, McNutt, JR, Meijers, F, Menszner, D, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Middleton, RP, Mikenberg, G, Mildenberger, J, Miller, DJ, Milstene, C, Minowa, M, Mohr, W, Moisan, C, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Moss, MW, Murphy, PG, Murray, WJ, Nellen, B, Nguyen, HH, Nozaki, M, O'Neale, SW, O'Neill, BP, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogg, M, Ogren, HO, Oh, H, Oram, CJ, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pansart, JP, Paschievici, P, Patrick, GN, Pawley, SJ, Pfister, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, JL, Plane, DE, Poffenberger, P, Poli, B, Pouladdej, A, Prebys, E, Pritchard, TW, Przysiezniak, H, Quast, G, Redmond, MW, Rees, DL, Regimbald, M, Riles, K, Roach, CM, Robins, SA, Rollnik, A, Roney, JM, Rossberg, S, Rossi, AM, Routenburg, P, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sanghera, S, Sasaki, M, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Schappert, W, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schenk, P, von der Schmitt, H, Schreiber, S, Schwarz, J, Settles, M, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Shypit, R, Simon, A, Singh, P, Siroli, GP, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Smith, TJ, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Springer, RW, Sproston, M, Stephens, K, Stier, HE, Stroehmer, R, Strom, D, Takeda, H, Takeshita, T, Taras, P, Tarem, S, Thackray, NJ, Tsukamoto, T, Turner, MF, Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G, Van den plas, D, Van Kooten, R, VanDalen, GJ, Vasseur, G, Virtue, CJ, Wagner, A, Wahl, C, Walker, JP, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Weber, M, Weisz, S, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, Weymann, M, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wingerter, I, Winterer, VH, Wood, NC, Wotton, S, Wyatt, TR, Yaari, R, Yang, Y, Yekutieli, G, Yoshida, T, Zacharov, I, Zeuner, W & Zorn, GT 1991, 'A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP', Physics Letters B, vol. 261, no. 3, pp. 334-346. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90337-P
Akrawy MZ, Alexander G, Allison J, Allport PP, Anderson KJ, Armitage JC et al. A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP. Physics Letters B. 1991 May 30;261(3):334-346. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)90337-P
Akrawy, M. Z. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Allport, P. P. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Armitage, J. C. ; Ashton, P. ; Astbury, A. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Baines, J. T.M. ; Ball, A. H. ; Banks, J. ; Barker, G. J. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, J. R. ; Beaudoin, G. ; Beck, A. ; Becker, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Binder, U. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Bougerolle, S. ; Brabson, B. B. ; Breuker, H. ; Brown, R. M. ; Brun, R. ; Buijs, A. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chrin, J. T.M. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Cohen, I. ; Collins, W. J. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Cooper, M. ; Couch, M. ; Coupland, M. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; De Jong, S. ; Debu, P. ; Dennino, M. M. ; Dieckmann, A. ; Dittmar, M. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Dumas, D. J.P. ; Elcombe, P. A. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Farthouat, P. ; Fincke-Keeler, M. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Fong, D. G. ; Fukunaga, C. ; Gaidot, A. ; Ganel, O. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; Geddes, N. I. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gentit, F. X. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gillies, J. D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Goodrick, M. J. ; Gorn, W. ; Gross, E. ; Hagedorn, H. ; Hagemann, J. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Harrus, I. ; Hart, J. ; Hattersley, P. M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Heflin, E. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Ho, C. ; Hobbs, J. D. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hochman, D. ; Holl, B. ; Homer, R. J. ; Hou, S. R. ; Howarth, C. P. ; Hughes-Jones, R. E. ; Humbert, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ihssen, H. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Janissen, L. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeffreys, P. W. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jobes, M. ; Jones, R. W.L. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kleinwort, C. ; Klem, D. E. ; Knop, G. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalewski, R. ; Kreutzmann, H. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kroll, J. ; Kuwano, M. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lamarche, F. ; Larson, W. J. ; Layter, J. G. ; Le Du, P. ; Leblanc, P. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lehto, M. H. ; Lellouch, D. ; Lennert, P. ; Leroy, C. ; Lessard, L. ; Levegrün, S. ; Levinson, L. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lorah, J. M. ; Lorazo, B. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lou, X. C. ; Ludwig, J. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Maringer, G. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; Maur, U. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McNutt, J. R. ; Meijers, F. ; Menszner, D. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Middleton, R. P. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Mildenberger, J. ; Miller, D. J. ; Milstene, C. ; Minowa, M. ; Mohr, W. ; Moisan, C. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Moss, M. W. ; Murphy, P. G. ; Murray, W. J. ; Nellen, B. ; Nguyen, H. H. ; Nozaki, M. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; O'Neill, B. P. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogg, M. ; Ogren, H. O. ; Oh, H. ; Oram, C. J. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pansart, J. P. ; Paschievici, P. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pawley, S. J. ; Pfister, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. L. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poffenberger, P. ; Poli, B. ; Pouladdej, A. ; Prebys, E. ; Pritchard, T. W. ; Przysiezniak, H. ; Quast, G. ; Redmond, M. W. ; Rees, D. L. ; Regimbald, M. ; Riles, K. ; Roach, C. M. ; Robins, S. A. ; Rollnik, A. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rossberg, S. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Routenburg, P. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sanghera, S. ; Sasaki, M. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Schappert, W. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schenk, P. ; von der Schmitt, H. ; Schreiber, S. ; Schwarz, J. ; Settles, M. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Shypit, R. ; Simon, A. ; Singh, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Smith, T. J. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Springer, R. W. ; Sproston, M. ; Stephens, K. ; Stier, H. E. ; Stroehmer, R. ; Strom, D. ; Takeda, H. ; Takeshita, T. ; Taras, P. ; Tarem, S. ; Thackray, N. J. ; Tsukamoto, T. ; Turner, M. F. ; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G. ; Van den plas, D. ; Van Kooten, R. ; VanDalen, G. J. ; Vasseur, G. ; Virtue, C. J. ; Wagner, A. ; Wahl, C. ; Walker, J. P. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Weber, M. ; Weisz, S. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; Weymann, M. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wingerter, I. ; Winterer, V. H. ; Wood, N. C. ; Wotton, S. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yaari, R. ; Yang, Y. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Yoshida, T. ; Zacharov, I. ; Zeuner, W. ; Zorn, G. T. / A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP. In: Physics Letters B. 1991 ; Vol. 261, No. 3. pp. 334-346.
@article{d3bf1ddfa3184e66aaec7a1029578c6f,
title = "A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP",
abstract = "Quark and gluon in 3-jet events from hadronic Z0 decays are identified through use of the semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom quarks. This tagging method allows geometrically symmetric or transposed configurations of the quark and gluon jets to be selected, permitting a study of the asymmetry in the population of particles in the regions between jets, commonly called the string effect, which avoids restrictions present in previous studies. In particular, our demonstration of a population asymmetry is performed without use of a model. Our results imply that dynamical differences exist between quarks and gluons or between quark-antiquark and quark-gluon jet systems with respect to their particle production properties.",
author = "Akrawy, {M. Z.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and Allport, {P. P.} and Anderson, {K. J.} and Armitage, {J. C.} and P. Ashton and A. Astbury and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and Baines, {J. T.M.} and Ball, {A. H.} and J. Banks and Barker, {G. J.} and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {J. R.} and G. Beaudoin and A. Beck and J. Becker and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and U. Binder and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and S. Bougerolle and Brabson, {B. B.} and H. Breuker and Brown, {R. M.} and R. Brun and A. Buijs and Burckhart, {H. J.} and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and Chrin, {J. T.M.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and I. Cohen and Collins, {W. J.} and Conboy, {J. E.} and M. Cooper and M. Couch and M. Coupland and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and {De Jong}, S. and P. Debu and Dennino, {M. M.} and A. Dieckmann and M. Dittmar and Dixit, {M. S.} and E. Duchovni and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Dumas, {D. J.P.} and Elcombe, {P. A.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and P. Farthouat and M. Fincke-Keeler and Fischer, {H. M.} and Fong, {D. G.} and C. Fukunaga and A. Gaidot and O. Ganel and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and Geddes, {N. I.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gentit, {F. X.} and G. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gillies, {J. D.} and J. Goldberg and Goodrick, {M. J.} and W. Gorn and E. Gross and H. Hagedorn and J. Hagemann and Hanson, {G. G.} and M. Hansroul and Hargrove, {C. K.} and I. Harrus and J. Hart and Hattersley, {P. M.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and E. Heflin and Hemingway, {R. J.} and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and Hinshaw, {D. A.} and C. Ho and Hobbs, {J. D.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and D. Hochman and B. Holl and Homer, {R. J.} and Hou, {S. R.} and Howarth, {C. P.} and Hughes-Jones, {R. E.} and R. Humbert and P. Igo-Kemenes and H. Ihssen and Imrie, {D. C.} and L. Janissen and A. Jawahery and Jeffreys, {P. W.} and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and M. Jobes and Jones, {R. W.L.} and P. Jovanovic and D. Karlen and Kiyotomo Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and C. Kleinwort and Klem, {D. E.} and G. Knop and T. Kobayashi and Kokott, {T. P.} and L. K{\"o}pke and R. Kowalewski and H. Kreutzmann and {von Krogh}, J. and J. Kroll and M. Kuwano and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and F. Lamarche and Larson, {W. J.} and Layter, {J. G.} and {Le Du}, P. and P. Leblanc and Lee, {A. M.} and Lehto, {M. H.} and D. Lellouch and P. Lennert and C. Leroy and L. Lessard and S. Levegr{\"u}n and L. Levinson and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Lorah, {J. M.} and B. Lorazo and Losty, {M. J.} and Lou, {X. C.} and J. Ludwig and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and G. Maringer and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and U. Maur and McMahon, {T. J.} and McNutt, {J. R.} and F. Meijers and D. Menszner and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and Middleton, {R. P.} and G. Mikenberg and J. Mildenberger and Miller, {D. J.} and C. Milstene and M. Minowa and W. Mohr and C. Moisan and A. Montanari and T. Mori and Moss, {M. W.} and Murphy, {P. G.} and Murray, {W. J.} and B. Nellen and Nguyen, {H. H.} and M. Nozaki and O'Neale, {S. W.} and O'Neill, {B. P.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and M. Ogg and Ogren, {H. O.} and H. Oh and Oram, {C. J.} and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and Pansart, {J. P.} and P. Paschievici and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pawley, {S. J.} and P. Pfister and Pilcher, {J. E.} and Pinfold, {J. L.} and Plane, {D. E.} and P. Poffenberger and B. Poli and A. Pouladdej and E. Prebys and Pritchard, {T. W.} and H. Przysiezniak and G. Quast and Redmond, {M. W.} and Rees, {D. L.} and M. Regimbald and K. Riles and Roach, {C. M.} and Robins, {S. A.} and A. Rollnik and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rossberg and Rossi, {A. M.} and P. Routenburg and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and S. Sanghera and M. Sasaki and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and W. Schappert and P. Scharff-Hansen and P. Schenk and {von der Schmitt}, H. and S. Schreiber and J. Schwarz and M. Settles and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and R. Shypit and A. Simon and P. Singh and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Smith, {T. J.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and Springer, {R. W.} and M. Sproston and K. Stephens and Stier, {H. E.} and R. Stroehmer and D. Strom and H. Takeda and T. Takeshita and P. Taras and S. Tarem and Thackray, {N. J.} and T. Tsukamoto and Turner, {M. F.} and G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer and {Van den plas}, D. and {Van Kooten}, R. and VanDalen, {G. J.} and G. Vasseur and Virtue, {C. J.} and A. Wagner and C. Wahl and Walker, {J. P.} and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and M. Weber and S. Weisz and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and M. Weymann and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and I. Wingerter and Winterer, {V. H.} and Wood, {N. C.} and S. Wotton and Wyatt, {T. R.} and R. Yaari and Y. Yang and G. Yekutieli and T. Yoshida and I. Zacharov and W. Zeuner and Zorn, {G. T.}",
year = "1991",
month = "5",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/0370-2693(91)90337-P",
language = "English",
volume = "261",
pages = "334--346",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A model independent observation of the string effect using quark tagging at LEP

AU - Akrawy, M. Z.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Allport, P. P.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Armitage, J. C.

AU - Ashton, P.

AU - Astbury, A.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Baines, J. T.M.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Banks, J.

AU - Barker, G. J.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Beaudoin, G.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - Becker, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Binder, U.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Bougerolle, S.

AU - Brabson, B. B.

AU - Breuker, H.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Brun, R.

AU - Buijs, A.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chrin, J. T.M.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Collins, W. J.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Cooper, M.

AU - Couch, M.

AU - Coupland, M.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - De Jong, S.

AU - Debu, P.

AU - Dennino, M. M.

AU - Dieckmann, A.

AU - Dittmar, M.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Dumas, D. J.P.

AU - Elcombe, P. A.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Farthouat, P.

AU - Fincke-Keeler, M.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Fong, D. G.

AU - Fukunaga, C.

AU - Gaidot, A.

AU - Ganel, O.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - Geddes, N. I.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gentit, F. X.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gillies, J. D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Goodrick, M. J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Hagedorn, H.

AU - Hagemann, J.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Harrus, I.

AU - Hart, J.

AU - Hattersley, P. M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Heflin, E.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Ho, C.

AU - Hobbs, J. D.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hochman, D.

AU - Holl, B.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Hou, S. R.

AU - Howarth, C. P.

AU - Hughes-Jones, R. E.

AU - Humbert, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ihssen, H.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Janissen, L.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeffreys, P. W.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Jobes, M.

AU - Jones, R. W.L.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kawagoe, Kiyotomo

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kleinwort, C.

AU - Klem, D. E.

AU - Knop, G.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kokott, T. P.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalewski, R.

AU - Kreutzmann, H.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Kroll, J.

AU - Kuwano, M.

AU - Kyberd, P.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Lamarche, F.

AU - Larson, W. J.

AU - Layter, J. G.

AU - Le Du, P.

AU - Leblanc, P.

AU - Lee, A. M.

AU - Lehto, M. H.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Lennert, P.

AU - Leroy, C.

AU - Lessard, L.

AU - Levegrün, S.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Lorah, J. M.

AU - Lorazo, B.

AU - Losty, M. J.

AU - Lou, X. C.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Mannelli, M.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Maringer, G.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Martin, J. P.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - Maur, U.

AU - McMahon, T. J.

AU - McNutt, J. R.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Menszner, D.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Middleton, R. P.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Mildenberger, J.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Milstene, C.

AU - Minowa, M.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Moisan, C.

AU - Montanari, A.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Moss, M. W.

AU - Murphy, P. G.

AU - Murray, W. J.

AU - Nellen, B.

AU - Nguyen, H. H.

AU - Nozaki, M.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - O'Neill, B. P.

AU - Oakham, F. G.

AU - Odorici, F.

AU - Ogg, M.

AU - Ogren, H. O.

AU - Oh, H.

AU - Oram, C. J.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pansart, J. P.

AU - Paschievici, P.

AU - Patrick, G. N.

AU - Pawley, S. J.

AU - Pfister, P.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J. L.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Poffenberger, P.

AU - Poli, B.

AU - Pouladdej, A.

AU - Prebys, E.

AU - Pritchard, T. W.

AU - Przysiezniak, H.

AU - Quast, G.

AU - Redmond, M. W.

AU - Rees, D. L.

AU - Regimbald, M.

AU - Riles, K.

AU - Roach, C. M.

AU - Robins, S. A.

AU - Rollnik, A.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rossberg, S.

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Routenburg, P.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Runolfsson, O.

AU - Rust, D. R.

AU - Sanghera, S.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Schappert, W.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schenk, P.

AU - von der Schmitt, H.

AU - Schreiber, S.

AU - Schwarz, J.

AU - Settles, M.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Shypit, R.

AU - Simon, A.

AU - Singh, P.

AU - Siroli, G. P.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Smith, T. J.

AU - Snow, G. A.

AU - Sobie, R.

AU - Springer, R. W.

AU - Sproston, M.

AU - Stephens, K.

AU - Stier, H. E.

AU - Stroehmer, R.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Takeda, H.

AU - Takeshita, T.

AU - Taras, P.

AU - Tarem, S.

AU - Thackray, N. J.

AU - Tsukamoto, T.

AU - Turner, M. F.

AU - Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.

AU - Van den plas, D.

AU - Van Kooten, R.

AU - VanDalen, G. J.

AU - Vasseur, G.

AU - Virtue, C. J.

AU - Wagner, A.

AU - Wahl, C.

AU - Walker, J. P.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Weber, M.

AU - Weisz, S.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Weymann, M.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wingerter, I.

AU - Winterer, V. H.

AU - Wood, N. C.

AU - Wotton, S.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yaari, R.

AU - Yang, Y.

AU - Yekutieli, G.

AU - Yoshida, T.

AU - Zacharov, I.

AU - Zeuner, W.

AU - Zorn, G. T.

PY - 1991/5/30

Y1 - 1991/5/30

N2 - Quark and gluon in 3-jet events from hadronic Z0 decays are identified through use of the semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom quarks. This tagging method allows geometrically symmetric or transposed configurations of the quark and gluon jets to be selected, permitting a study of the asymmetry in the population of particles in the regions between jets, commonly called the string effect, which avoids restrictions present in previous studies. In particular, our demonstration of a population asymmetry is performed without use of a model. Our results imply that dynamical differences exist between quarks and gluons or between quark-antiquark and quark-gluon jet systems with respect to their particle production properties.

AB - Quark and gluon in 3-jet events from hadronic Z0 decays are identified through use of the semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom quarks. This tagging method allows geometrically symmetric or transposed configurations of the quark and gluon jets to be selected, permitting a study of the asymmetry in the population of particles in the regions between jets, commonly called the string effect, which avoids restrictions present in previous studies. In particular, our demonstration of a population asymmetry is performed without use of a model. Our results imply that dynamical differences exist between quarks and gluons or between quark-antiquark and quark-gluon jet systems with respect to their particle production properties.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=6944254715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=6944254715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0370-2693(91)90337-P

DO - 10.1016/0370-2693(91)90337-P

M3 - Article

VL - 261

SP - 334

EP - 346

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3

ER -