A moiré deflectometer for antimatter

S. Aghion, O. Ahlén, C. Amsler, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, A. S. Belov, K. Berggren, G. Bonomi, P. Bräunig, J. Bremer, R. S. Brusa, L. Cabaret, C. Canali, R. Caravita, F. Castelli, G. Cerchiari, S. Cialdi, D. Comparat, G. Consolati, H. Derking & 50 others S. Di Domizio, L. Di Noto, M. Doser, A. Dudarev, A. Ereditato, R. Ferragut, A. Fontana, P. Genova, M. Giammarchi, A. Gligorova, S. N. Gninenko, S. Haider, T. Huse, E. Jordan, L. V. Jørgensen, T. Kaltenbacher, J. Kawada, A. Kellerbauer, M. Kimura, A. Knecht, D. Krasnický, V. Lagomarsino, S. Lehner, A. Magnani, C. Malbrunot, S. Mariazzi, V. A. Matveev, F. Moia, G. Nebbia, P. Nédélec, M. K. Oberthaler, N. Pacifico, V. Petràček, C. Pistillo, F. Prelz, M. Prevedelli, C. Regenfus, C. Riccardi, O. Røhne, A. Rotondi, H. Sandaker, P. Scampoli, J. Storey, M. A Subieta Vasquez, M. Špaček, G. Testera, R. Vaccarone, E. Widmann, S. Zavatarelli, J. Zmeskal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The precise measurement of forces is one way to obtain deep insight into the fundamental interactions present in nature. In the context of neutral antimatter, the gravitational interaction is of high interest, potentially revealing new forces that violate the weak equivalence principle. Here we report on a successful extension of a tool from atom optics - the moiré deflectometer - for a measurement of the acceleration of slow antiprotons. The setup consists of two identical transmission gratings and a spatially resolving emulsion detector for antiproton annihilations. Absolute referencing of the observed antimatter pattern with a photon pattern experiencing no deflection allows the direct inference of forces present. The concept is also straightforwardly applicable to antihydrogen measurements as pursued by the AEgIS collaboration. The combination of these very different techniques from high energy and atomic physics opens a very promising route to the direct detection of the gravitational acceleration of neutral antimatter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4538
JournalNature Communications
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

antimatter
antiprotons
Nuclear Energy
Physics
Emulsions
Photons
Atomic physics
atom optics
atomic physics
High energy physics
inference
emulsions
equivalence
deflection
Optics
routes
interactions
gratings
Detectors
Atoms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Aghion, S., Ahlén, O., Amsler, C., Ariga, A., Ariga, T., Belov, A. S., ... Zmeskal, J. (2014). A moiré deflectometer for antimatter. Nature Communications, 5, [4538]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5538

A moiré deflectometer for antimatter. / Aghion, S.; Ahlén, O.; Amsler, C.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Belov, A. S.; Berggren, K.; Bonomi, G.; Bräunig, P.; Bremer, J.; Brusa, R. S.; Cabaret, L.; Canali, C.; Caravita, R.; Castelli, F.; Cerchiari, G.; Cialdi, S.; Comparat, D.; Consolati, G.; Derking, H.; Di Domizio, S.; Di Noto, L.; Doser, M.; Dudarev, A.; Ereditato, A.; Ferragut, R.; Fontana, A.; Genova, P.; Giammarchi, M.; Gligorova, A.; Gninenko, S. N.; Haider, S.; Huse, T.; Jordan, E.; Jørgensen, L. V.; Kaltenbacher, T.; Kawada, J.; Kellerbauer, A.; Kimura, M.; Knecht, A.; Krasnický, D.; Lagomarsino, V.; Lehner, S.; Magnani, A.; Malbrunot, C.; Mariazzi, S.; Matveev, V. A.; Moia, F.; Nebbia, G.; Nédélec, P.; Oberthaler, M. K.; Pacifico, N.; Petràček, V.; Pistillo, C.; Prelz, F.; Prevedelli, M.; Regenfus, C.; Riccardi, C.; Røhne, O.; Rotondi, A.; Sandaker, H.; Scampoli, P.; Storey, J.; Vasquez, M. A Subieta; Špaček, M.; Testera, G.; Vaccarone, R.; Widmann, E.; Zavatarelli, S.; Zmeskal, J.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 5, 4538, 28.07.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aghion, S, Ahlén, O, Amsler, C, Ariga, A, Ariga, T, Belov, AS, Berggren, K, Bonomi, G, Bräunig, P, Bremer, J, Brusa, RS, Cabaret, L, Canali, C, Caravita, R, Castelli, F, Cerchiari, G, Cialdi, S, Comparat, D, Consolati, G, Derking, H, Di Domizio, S, Di Noto, L, Doser, M, Dudarev, A, Ereditato, A, Ferragut, R, Fontana, A, Genova, P, Giammarchi, M, Gligorova, A, Gninenko, SN, Haider, S, Huse, T, Jordan, E, Jørgensen, LV, Kaltenbacher, T, Kawada, J, Kellerbauer, A, Kimura, M, Knecht, A, Krasnický, D, Lagomarsino, V, Lehner, S, Magnani, A, Malbrunot, C, Mariazzi, S, Matveev, VA, Moia, F, Nebbia, G, Nédélec, P, Oberthaler, MK, Pacifico, N, Petràček, V, Pistillo, C, Prelz, F, Prevedelli, M, Regenfus, C, Riccardi, C, Røhne, O, Rotondi, A, Sandaker, H, Scampoli, P, Storey, J, Vasquez, MAS, Špaček, M, Testera, G, Vaccarone, R, Widmann, E, Zavatarelli, S & Zmeskal, J 2014, 'A moiré deflectometer for antimatter', Nature Communications, vol. 5, 4538. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5538
Aghion S, Ahlén O, Amsler C, Ariga A, Ariga T, Belov AS et al. A moiré deflectometer for antimatter. Nature Communications. 2014 Jul 28;5. 4538. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5538
Aghion, S. ; Ahlén, O. ; Amsler, C. ; Ariga, A. ; Ariga, T. ; Belov, A. S. ; Berggren, K. ; Bonomi, G. ; Bräunig, P. ; Bremer, J. ; Brusa, R. S. ; Cabaret, L. ; Canali, C. ; Caravita, R. ; Castelli, F. ; Cerchiari, G. ; Cialdi, S. ; Comparat, D. ; Consolati, G. ; Derking, H. ; Di Domizio, S. ; Di Noto, L. ; Doser, M. ; Dudarev, A. ; Ereditato, A. ; Ferragut, R. ; Fontana, A. ; Genova, P. ; Giammarchi, M. ; Gligorova, A. ; Gninenko, S. N. ; Haider, S. ; Huse, T. ; Jordan, E. ; Jørgensen, L. V. ; Kaltenbacher, T. ; Kawada, J. ; Kellerbauer, A. ; Kimura, M. ; Knecht, A. ; Krasnický, D. ; Lagomarsino, V. ; Lehner, S. ; Magnani, A. ; Malbrunot, C. ; Mariazzi, S. ; Matveev, V. A. ; Moia, F. ; Nebbia, G. ; Nédélec, P. ; Oberthaler, M. K. ; Pacifico, N. ; Petràček, V. ; Pistillo, C. ; Prelz, F. ; Prevedelli, M. ; Regenfus, C. ; Riccardi, C. ; Røhne, O. ; Rotondi, A. ; Sandaker, H. ; Scampoli, P. ; Storey, J. ; Vasquez, M. A Subieta ; Špaček, M. ; Testera, G. ; Vaccarone, R. ; Widmann, E. ; Zavatarelli, S. ; Zmeskal, J. / A moiré deflectometer for antimatter. In: Nature Communications. 2014 ; Vol. 5.
@article{71961608aabe4d498f9226e0c3be6d81,
title = "A moir{\'e} deflectometer for antimatter",
abstract = "The precise measurement of forces is one way to obtain deep insight into the fundamental interactions present in nature. In the context of neutral antimatter, the gravitational interaction is of high interest, potentially revealing new forces that violate the weak equivalence principle. Here we report on a successful extension of a tool from atom optics - the moir{\'e} deflectometer - for a measurement of the acceleration of slow antiprotons. The setup consists of two identical transmission gratings and a spatially resolving emulsion detector for antiproton annihilations. Absolute referencing of the observed antimatter pattern with a photon pattern experiencing no deflection allows the direct inference of forces present. The concept is also straightforwardly applicable to antihydrogen measurements as pursued by the AEgIS collaboration. The combination of these very different techniques from high energy and atomic physics opens a very promising route to the direct detection of the gravitational acceleration of neutral antimatter.",
author = "S. Aghion and O. Ahl{\'e}n and C. Amsler and A. Ariga and T. Ariga and Belov, {A. S.} and K. Berggren and G. Bonomi and P. Br{\"a}unig and J. Bremer and Brusa, {R. S.} and L. Cabaret and C. Canali and R. Caravita and F. Castelli and G. Cerchiari and S. Cialdi and D. Comparat and G. Consolati and H. Derking and {Di Domizio}, S. and {Di Noto}, L. and M. Doser and A. Dudarev and A. Ereditato and R. Ferragut and A. Fontana and P. Genova and M. Giammarchi and A. Gligorova and Gninenko, {S. N.} and S. Haider and T. Huse and E. Jordan and J{\o}rgensen, {L. V.} and T. Kaltenbacher and J. Kawada and A. Kellerbauer and M. Kimura and A. Knecht and D. Krasnick{\'y} and V. Lagomarsino and S. Lehner and A. Magnani and C. Malbrunot and S. Mariazzi and Matveev, {V. A.} and F. Moia and G. Nebbia and P. N{\'e}d{\'e}lec and Oberthaler, {M. K.} and N. Pacifico and V. Petr{\`a}ček and C. Pistillo and F. Prelz and M. Prevedelli and C. Regenfus and C. Riccardi and O. R{\o}hne and A. Rotondi and H. Sandaker and P. Scampoli and J. Storey and Vasquez, {M. A Subieta} and M. Špaček and G. Testera and R. Vaccarone and E. Widmann and S. Zavatarelli and J. Zmeskal",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms5538",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A moiré deflectometer for antimatter

AU - Aghion, S.

AU - Ahlén, O.

AU - Amsler, C.

AU - Ariga, A.

AU - Ariga, T.

AU - Belov, A. S.

AU - Berggren, K.

AU - Bonomi, G.

AU - Bräunig, P.

AU - Bremer, J.

AU - Brusa, R. S.

AU - Cabaret, L.

AU - Canali, C.

AU - Caravita, R.

AU - Castelli, F.

AU - Cerchiari, G.

AU - Cialdi, S.

AU - Comparat, D.

AU - Consolati, G.

AU - Derking, H.

AU - Di Domizio, S.

AU - Di Noto, L.

AU - Doser, M.

AU - Dudarev, A.

AU - Ereditato, A.

AU - Ferragut, R.

AU - Fontana, A.

AU - Genova, P.

AU - Giammarchi, M.

AU - Gligorova, A.

AU - Gninenko, S. N.

AU - Haider, S.

AU - Huse, T.

AU - Jordan, E.

AU - Jørgensen, L. V.

AU - Kaltenbacher, T.

AU - Kawada, J.

AU - Kellerbauer, A.

AU - Kimura, M.

AU - Knecht, A.

AU - Krasnický, D.

AU - Lagomarsino, V.

AU - Lehner, S.

AU - Magnani, A.

AU - Malbrunot, C.

AU - Mariazzi, S.

AU - Matveev, V. A.

AU - Moia, F.

AU - Nebbia, G.

AU - Nédélec, P.

AU - Oberthaler, M. K.

AU - Pacifico, N.

AU - Petràček, V.

AU - Pistillo, C.

AU - Prelz, F.

AU - Prevedelli, M.

AU - Regenfus, C.

AU - Riccardi, C.

AU - Røhne, O.

AU - Rotondi, A.

AU - Sandaker, H.

AU - Scampoli, P.

AU - Storey, J.

AU - Vasquez, M. A Subieta

AU - Špaček, M.

AU - Testera, G.

AU - Vaccarone, R.

AU - Widmann, E.

AU - Zavatarelli, S.

AU - Zmeskal, J.

PY - 2014/7/28

Y1 - 2014/7/28

N2 - The precise measurement of forces is one way to obtain deep insight into the fundamental interactions present in nature. In the context of neutral antimatter, the gravitational interaction is of high interest, potentially revealing new forces that violate the weak equivalence principle. Here we report on a successful extension of a tool from atom optics - the moiré deflectometer - for a measurement of the acceleration of slow antiprotons. The setup consists of two identical transmission gratings and a spatially resolving emulsion detector for antiproton annihilations. Absolute referencing of the observed antimatter pattern with a photon pattern experiencing no deflection allows the direct inference of forces present. The concept is also straightforwardly applicable to antihydrogen measurements as pursued by the AEgIS collaboration. The combination of these very different techniques from high energy and atomic physics opens a very promising route to the direct detection of the gravitational acceleration of neutral antimatter.

AB - The precise measurement of forces is one way to obtain deep insight into the fundamental interactions present in nature. In the context of neutral antimatter, the gravitational interaction is of high interest, potentially revealing new forces that violate the weak equivalence principle. Here we report on a successful extension of a tool from atom optics - the moiré deflectometer - for a measurement of the acceleration of slow antiprotons. The setup consists of two identical transmission gratings and a spatially resolving emulsion detector for antiproton annihilations. Absolute referencing of the observed antimatter pattern with a photon pattern experiencing no deflection allows the direct inference of forces present. The concept is also straightforwardly applicable to antihydrogen measurements as pursued by the AEgIS collaboration. The combination of these very different techniques from high energy and atomic physics opens a very promising route to the direct detection of the gravitational acceleration of neutral antimatter.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905270802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905270802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms5538

DO - 10.1038/ncomms5538

M3 - Article

VL - 5

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 4538

ER -