We report the development of a new templating molecule designed by the modification of a helix-forming β-1,3-glucan polysaccharide to the cationic semiartificial one and its application to the fabrication of one-dimensional (1D) gold nanostructures by simple photoirradiation. Transmission electron microscopy observation showed that Au(III) ions are primarily reduced to gold nanoparticles self-assembling into the 1D array with the aid of the cationic β-1,3-glucan polysaccharide, which gradually fuse into the 1D gold nanostructure with the tapelike structure. The gold nanotape structure could not be created by neutral β-1,3-glucan polysaccharides or random coil synthetic cationic polymers. These findings consistently support the view that Au(III) ions are reduced by unmodified OH groups to gold nanoparticles under the photoirradiation, which are wrapped in the helical structure of the cationic β-1,3-glucan polysaccharide and eventually fuse into gold nanotapes. One may regard, therefore, that this cationic β-1,3-glucan polysaccharide can act as an "all-in-one" template playing three roles of reduction, 1D arrangement, and fusion of gold nanoparticles. In addition, we found an interesting phenomenon that the obtained gold nanotapes coated with cationic β-1,3-glucan polysaccharides show unique surface-enhanced Raman scattering for anionic porphyrines organized on the surface of gold nanotapes through the electrostatic interaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces