A new age model for the sediment cores from Academician ridge (Lake Baikal) based on high-time-resolution AMS 14C data sets over the last 30 kyr: Paleoclimatic and environmental implications

Takahiro Watanabe, Toshio Nakamura, Fumiko Watanabe Nara, Takeshi Kakegawa, Mitsugu Nishimura, Makoto Shimokawara, Tetsuya Matsunaka, Ryoko Senda, Takayoshi Kawai

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We constructed a new age model based on high-time-resolution 14C data sets from three sediment cores from Academician ridge, Lake Baikal, for reconstruction of environmental and biological changes in southern Siberia during the last ca. 30 kyr. We used 14C ages of total organic carbon (TOC) for the model, because terrestrial plant residues and biogenic carbonate were not observed in the sediments. For accurate dating and age models based on 14C ages of TOC, the freshwater 14C reservoir effect and the effect of dead carbon from land-derived organic materials must be estimated. In this study, we estimated the correction factor for these effects to be 2100 ± 90 yr, on the basis of a key layer, the "14C plateau", caused by changes in the atmospheric 14C concentration during the Younger Dryas (YD) cooling event. The new age scale, along with the TOC mass accumulation rate (MARTOC) and stable carbon isotope ratio in the sediment cores, clearly indicate a rapid decrease in lake productivity and reduced influx of terrestrial organic materials into the lake during the YD (12.8-11.6 cal ka BP). Productivity was high (MARTOC, up to 19.7 mg/cm2·kyr) in and around Lake Baikal during 9.3-6.4 cal ka BP (Holocene climate optimum). Moreover, paleoproductivity changes during the last ca. 30 kyr in and around the Lake Baikal were clearly associated with fluctuations in the East Asian monsoon intensity, as inferred from the δ18O record from Sanbao and Hulu caves, China, during the late Quaternary (Wang et al., 2008. Nature 451, 1090-1093).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-354
Number of pages8
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume286
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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