A new Cellular Automata Model including a decelerating damping effect to reproduce Kerner's three-phase theory

Satoshi Kokubo, Jun Tanimoto, Aya Hagishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most of the conventional traffic Cellular Automaton (CA) models based on the NagelSchreckenberg model (NaSch model) have two problems: an unrealistic deceleration dynamics when a vehicle agent collides with a preceding vehicle in a stopping event, and the problem with reproducing the synchronized flow in Kerner's three-phase theory. In this paper, a revised stochastic NishinariFukuiSchadschneider (S-NFS) model, belonging to the class of NaSch models, is presented. The proposed CA model, where a random braking effect is improved by considering the dependency on the velocity difference and heading distance with a preceding vehicle, is confirmed to overcome the two above-mentioned drawbacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-568
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Volume390
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2011

Fingerprint

Cellular Automaton Model
cellular automata
Damping
damping
Traffic Model
Random Effects
vehicles
Stochastic Model
Model-based
Model
braking
deceleration
stopping
traffic
Class

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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