Skeletal myoblast (SkMB) transplantation has been conducted as a therapeutic strategy for severe heart failure. However, arrhythmogenicity following transplantation remains unsolved. We developed an in vitro model of myoblast transplantation with “patterned” or “randomly-mixed” co-culture of SkMBs and cardiomyocytes enabling subsequent electrophysiological, and arrhythmogenic evaluation. SkMBs were magnetically labeled with magnetite nanoparticles and co-cultured with neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) on multi-electrode arrays. SkMBs were patterned by a magnet beneath the arrays. Excitation synchronicity was evaluated by Ca2+ imaging using a gene-encoded Ca2+ indicator, G-CaMP2. In the monoculture of NRVMs (control), conduction was well-organized. In the randomly-mixed co-culture of NRVMs and SkMBs (random group), there was inhomogeneous conduction from multiple origins. In the “patterned” co-culture where an en bloc SKMB-layer was inserted into the NRVM-layer, excitation homogenously propagated although conduction was distorted by the SkMB-area. The 4-mm distance conduction time (CT) in the random group was significantly longer (197 ± 126 ms) than in control (17 ± 3 ms). In the patterned group, CT through NRVM-area did not change (25 ± 3 ms), although CT through the SkMB-area was significantly longer (132 ± 77 ms). The intervals between spontaneous excitation varied beat-to-beat in the random group, while regular beating was recorded in the control and patterned groups. Synchronized Ca2+ transients of NRVMs were observed in the patterned group, whereas those in the random group were asynchronous. Patterned alignment of SkMBs is feasible with magnetic nanoparticles. Using the novel in vitro model mimicking cell transplantation, it may become possible to predict arrhythmogenicity due to heterogenous cell transplantation. J. Cell. Physiol. 231: 2249–2256, 2016.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology