A new membrane-bound b-type cytochrome, cytochrome b-558, was removed from chromatophore membranes of photosynthetically grown Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides strain R-26 by deoxycholate-cholate extraction. The cytochrome was purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation and ion-exchange chromatography. Cytochrome b-558 had absorption maxima at 280 and 405 nm in the oxidized form, and at 558, 528, and 420 nm in the reduced form. It had a midpoint potential of -130 mV at pH 7.0. The minimal molecular weight of this protein was 42,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and it contained one mole heme per mole of protein. The isoelectric point was 8.5. The electrophoretic pattern of heme-carrying proteins and the redox potentiometry showed that cytochrome b-558 was present in membranes from wild type, strain R-26, and strain GA grown photosynthetically, but not from any strain grown aerobically.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology