A new method to produce sea surface temperature using satellite data assimilation into an atmosphere-ocean mixed layer coupled model

Eunjeong Lee, Yign Noh, Naoki Hirose

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A new method of producing sea surface temperature (SST) data for numerical weather prediction is suggested, which is obtained from the assimilation of satellite-derived SST into an atmosphere-ocean mixed layer coupledmodel. TheWeatherResearch and Forecasting (WRF)Model and theNohmixed layer model are used for the atmosphere and ocean mixed layer models, respectively. Data assimilation (DA) is carried out in two steps, based on the estimation from the covariancematchingmethod that the daily mean SST of satellite data is more accurate than themodel data, if the number of data in a grid per day is sufficiently large-that is, the daily mean SST bias correction in the firstDAand the sequential SST anomaly correction in the secondDA. For the second DA, the model restarts from the initial condition corrected by the first DA, and DA is applied every 30min using the nudgingmethod.The dailymean and the diurnal variation of satellite SST are assimilated to the bulk and skin SST, respectively. The modeled results with the new data assimilation scheme are validated by statistical comparison with independent satellite and buoy data such as correlation coefficient, root-meansquare difference, and bias. Furthermore, the sensitivity and seasonal variation of the weighting factor in the secondDAare examined. The newapproach illustrates the possibility of applying the atmosphere-oceanmixed layer coupled model for the production of SST data combined with the assimilation of satellite data.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2926-2943
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
    Volume30
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013

    Fingerprint

    data assimilation
    mixed layer
    satellite data
    sea surface temperature
    Satellites
    atmosphere
    ocean
    Temperature
    method
    temperature anomaly
    diurnal variation
    skin
    Skin
    seasonal variation
    weather
    prediction

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Ocean Engineering
    • Atmospheric Science

    Cite this

    A new method to produce sea surface temperature using satellite data assimilation into an atmosphere-ocean mixed layer coupled model. / Lee, Eunjeong; Noh, Yign; Hirose, Naoki.

    In: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 30, No. 12, 01.12.2013, p. 2926-2943.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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