To demonstrate the instability of microsatellite sequences, which have been linked to DNA mismatch repair deficiency and indicate a high risk of carcinogenesis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and electrophoretic analysis have been used. However, the electrophoretic profiles of PCR-amplified microsatellite sequences are often too complicated, and the conventional method using autoradiography has critical problems in detection characteristics and migration accuracy. First, we made use of fluorescence-labeled PCR and laser scanning to detect bands quantitatively. Second, we characterized Taq polymerase-dependent modification of the amplified microsatellite sequences and optimized the electrophoretic profiles by enzymatic modification with T4 DNA polymerase. Third, we developed a dual fluorescence co-electrophoresis system, in which both samples derived from cancer and normal tissues are electrophoresed in the same lane, in order to minimize migration errors. Furthermore, we classified all of the observed patterns of microsatellite alteration and set up new criteria for assessing microsatellite instability. Using the system developed here and the criteria we proposed, a precise judgment can be made and rates of positivity in various human malignancies may be corrected.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy|
|Volume||25 Suppl 3|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes