Recent clinical practice guidelines for chronic pain indicate, with a high evidence level, that the combination of exercise and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise facilitation method in combination with CBT using the “Ikiiki Rehabilitation Notebook” for patients with intractable chronic pain. “Ikiiki” means active in Japanese. A total of 22 cases with chronic low back (n = 13), lower extremity (n = 8), or neck (n = 1) pain were treated using this notebook. Two cases dropped out, leaving 22 cases. Each case was evaluated in terms of the numerical rating scale (NRS) of the pain, activities of daily living (ADL), pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), and quality of life (QOL) at pretreatment and post-treatment. The endpoint of the method was to achieve the long-term goals set by the patients. The mean treatment period was 11.2 months. The outcomes were as follows: improvement of presenteeism: nine cases; enhanced participation in hobbies: seven cases; improved school attendance: two cases; return to work: one case; improvement of self-care and/or self-efficacy: three cases. The NRS, ADL, PCS, and QOL were significantly improved after the treatment. This method is possibly valuable for educating patients about the cause and treatment of chronic pain and actively facilitating exercise and social participation. Further studies are needed to investigate the effectiveness of using this notebook for the patient with intractable chronic pain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Informatics
- Health Policy
- Health Information Management
- Leadership and Management