A novel FERM domain including guanine nucleotide exchange factor is involved in Rac signaling and regulates neurite remodeling

Tateki Kubo, Toshihide Yamashita, Atsushi Yamaguchi, Hideki Sumimoto, Ko Hosokawa, Masaya Tohyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Rho family of small GTPases, key regulators of the actin cytoskeleton in eukaryotic cells from yeast to human, is implicated in the control of neuronal morphology. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) are upstream positive regulators of Rho GTPases and integrate extracellular signaling for appropriate activation of Rho GTPases at specific subcellular regions. Here we describe the identification of a novel Dbl family GEF for Rho GTPases in Homo sapiens and Mus musculus. It contains a tandem Dbl homology-pleckstrin homology domain and FERM domain, characteristic of the plasma membrane proteins linker. This gene, termed FERM domain including RhoGEF (FIR), was abundantly expressed in brain, lung, and testis, as well as embryonic hippocampal and cortical neurons. FIR was found to activate the biochemical pathway specific for Rac1 but not for RhoA or Cdc42. Ectopic expression of FIR in the cortical neurons resulted in significantly shortened neurites and excessive growth cones, presumably mediated by Rac1. These results suggest that FIR may regulate neurite remodeling by mediating the signaling pathways from membrane proteins to Rac.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8504-8513
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume22
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A novel FERM domain including guanine nucleotide exchange factor is involved in Rac signaling and regulates neurite remodeling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this