Human erythrocyte protein 4.2 (band 4.2; pallidin) is a major membrane protein that comprises 5% of the total weight of the human erythrocyte membrane. Deficiencies of this protein have been observed in hereditary spherocytosis with anaemia, suggesting a role of protein 4.2 in erythrocyte stability and integrity. The molecular basis of this disorder remains unknown. As a first step in elucidating the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis associated with protein 4.2 deficiency, we cloned and sequenced the erythrocyte protein 4.2 gene from a normal Japanese person, We prepared sets of oligonucleotide primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and determined nucleotide sequences of exons and exon-intron boundaries of the protein 4.2 gene from three unrelated Japanese patients with hereditary spherocytosis due to a complete defect of protein 4.2, using PCR-related techniques. Two patients were homozygous for a missense mutation in codon 142 with the Ala (GCT) → Thr (ACT) amino acid substitution that has been reported previously (protein 4.2(NIPPON)), whereas one patient was compound heterozygous for the same missense mutation in codon 142 and a guanine-adenine transition in codon 119 that changes the codon for Trp (TGG) to the termination codon (TGA) (protein 4.2(Fukuoka)). No additional mutation was identified in other exons of the protein 4.2 genes. Dot-blot hybridization with allele-specific oligonucleotide probes showed that homozygosity for the missense mutation in codon 142 and compound heterozygosity for the codon 142 and the codon 119 mutations were related to protein 4.2 deficiency in the families. Although two alleles of missense mutation of the codon 142 were also detected in 100 alleles of healthy Japanese, results obtained in this study indicate that the two mutations described above are closely related to the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis due to protein 4.2 defect.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes