IL-15 shares many activities with IL-2 on stimulating lymphocytes, hematopoietic progenitor cells, and macrophages. However, the role of IL-15 in osteoclastogenesis has not been elucidated. The recent finding of abundant IL-15 in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fluids suggested a possible role for this cytokine in the pathological destruction of bone and prompted us to determine whether IL-15 stimulates osteoclast formation. IL-15 stimulated the formation of multinucleated osteoclast-like cells in rat bone marrow cultures. In stroma-free cultures, IL-15 increased the number of mononuclear preosteoclast-like cells in the early stage of osteoclast formation. The stimulation was observed even after treatment with IL-15 for only 24 or 48 h of culture. Moreover, low IL-15 concentration (0.1 ng/ml) strongly increased the level of calcitonin receptor mRNA of mononuclear preosteoclast-like cells. Although IL-15 is known as a potent stimulator of TNF-α, its activity was not abolished by addition of anti-TNF-α Ab. Interestingly, IL-2 and IL- 7, which utilize some IL-15R components, had no effect on osteoclast differentiation, but pretreatment with IL-2 or IL-7 of bone marrow cells before the addition of IL-15 inhibited the enhancing activity of IL-15. In summary, IL-15 has a novel activity to stimulate the differentiation of osteoclast progenitors into preosteoclasts, which cannot be replaced by IL-2 but may use components in common with IL-2R to mediate its effects.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy