Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is an active sphingolipid metabolite that exerts important biological effects. Recently, we demonstrated that KRP-203 is a novel S1P receptor agonist that can alter lymphocyte homing and act as an immunomodulating agent. We investigated the efficacy of KRP-203 in the treatment of rat experimental autoimmune myocarditis. KRP-203 significantly attenuated the inflammation area, heart weight/body weight ratio, and left ventricular function. Immunohistochemical analysis and RT-PCR revealed that KRP-203 significantly decreased the infiltration of macrophages and CD4 T cells in the myocardium and the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that treatment with KRP-203 effectively reduced the number of peripheral CD4 and CD8 T cells but not that of B cells and granulocytes. Further, late KRP-203 treatment was effective even against established EAM. These results demonstrate the therapeutic potential of KRP-203 for the treatment of human myocarditis and provide new insights into the pathogenesis of this disease.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 28 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology