A paleopathological approach to early human adaptation for wet-rice agriculture

The first case of Neolithic spinal tuberculosis at the Yangtze River Delta of China

Kenji Okazaki, Hirofumi Takamuku, Shiori Yonemoto, Yu Itahashi, Takashi Gakuhari, Minoru Yoneda, Jie Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The earliest evidence of human tuberculosis can be traced to at least the early dynastic periods, when full-scaled wet-rice agriculture began or entered its early developmental stages, in circum-China countries (Japan, Korea, and Thailand). Early studies indicated that the initial spread of tuberculosis coincided with the development of wet-rice agriculture. It has been proposed that the adaptation to agriculture changed human social/living environments, coincidentally favoring survival and spread of pathogenic Mycobacterial strains that cause tuberculosis. Here we present a possible case of spinal tuberculosis evident in the remains of a young female (M191) found among 184 skeletal individuals who were Neolithic wet-rice agriculturalists from the Yangtze River Delta of China, associated with Songze culture (3900–3200 B.C.). This early evidence of tuberculosis in East Asia serves as an example of early human morbidity following the adoption of the wet-rice agriculture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Paleopathology
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Spinal Tuberculosis
Agriculture
Rivers
China
Tuberculosis
Far East
Social Environment
Thailand
Korea
Japan
Morbidity
Survival
Oryza
Human Adaptation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Archaeology

Cite this

A paleopathological approach to early human adaptation for wet-rice agriculture : The first case of Neolithic spinal tuberculosis at the Yangtze River Delta of China. / Okazaki, Kenji; Takamuku, Hirofumi; Yonemoto, Shiori; Itahashi, Yu; Gakuhari, Takashi; Yoneda, Minoru; Chen, Jie.

In: International Journal of Paleopathology, Vol. 24, 01.03.2019, p. 236-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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