A patient with vitamin e deficient, myopathy presenting with amyotrophy

Manabu Osoegawa, Yasumasa Ohyagi, Isao Inoue, Yuko Tsuruta, Toru Iwaki, Takayuki Taniwaki, Jun Ichi Kira

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a 61-year-old man with vitamin E deficiency, presenting with, myopathy as an only clinical symptom. In 1997, at 59 years of age, he noted mild proxymal-muscle weakness and atrophy in the four extremities, nine years after he received a Billroth II partial gastrectomy for a gastric ulcer. His muscle weakness slowly exacerbated, and he was admitted to our hospital in 1999. On admission, neurological examination confirmed mild proximal-muscle weakness and atrophy in the four extremities. Intelligence, cranial nerves, coordination, sensation and tendon reflexes were all normal. Laboratory examination showed normochromic anemia (Hb 9.9g/dl, Ht 30.9%, MCV 97.5 fl, MCHC 31.2 pg), hypoproteinemia (5.0g/dl), and hypocholesterolemia (107mg/dl). The levels of serum CK, lactate and pyruvate were normal. The serum vitamin E level was markedly reduced (0.17 mg/dl; normal 0.75-1.41). Cerebrospinal fluid was normal. Nerve conduction, sensory evoked potentials (SEP), electromyography (EMG), head CT and electroencephalography (EEG) were all normal. Muscle biopsy from the right deltoid muscle showed both mild myogenic and neurogenic changes. Remarkably, type 1 muscle fiber predominance and granular accumulation of autofluorescent lipofuscin granules in the muscle fibers were found. These pathological findings were compatible with those of vitamin E-deficient myopathy. Thus, he was diagnosed as having vitamin E-deficient myopathy, which was confirmed by apparent effective supplementation of vitamin E. Interestingly, our present case did not show any other neurological manifestations such as deep sensory disturbance, sensory ataxia or polyneuropathy. A long-term workload due to hard physical labor and smoking in our patient may have accelerated oxidative muscle damage, resulting in amyotrophy mainly due to vitamin E deficient myopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-431
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Neurology
Volume41
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

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