TY - JOUR

T1 - A positive proportion of cubic curves over Q admit linear determinantal representations

AU - Ishitsuka, Yasuhiro

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Ramanujan Mathematical Society. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Can a smooth plane cubic be defined by the determinant of a square matrix with entries in linear forms in three variables? If we can, we say that it admits a linear determinantal representation. In this paper, we investigate linear determinantal representations of smooth plane cubics over various fields, and prove that any smooth plane cubic over a large field (or an ample field) admits a linear determinantal representation. Since local fields are large, any smooth plane cubic over a local field always admits a linear determinantal representation. As an application, we prove that a positive proportion of smooth plane cubics over Q, ordered by height, admit linear determinantal representations. We also prove that, if the conjecture of Bhargava-Kane-Lenstra-Poonen-Rains on the distribution of Selmer groups is true, a positive proportion of smooth plane cubics over Q fail the local-global principle for the existence of linear determinantal representations.

AB - Can a smooth plane cubic be defined by the determinant of a square matrix with entries in linear forms in three variables? If we can, we say that it admits a linear determinantal representation. In this paper, we investigate linear determinantal representations of smooth plane cubics over various fields, and prove that any smooth plane cubic over a large field (or an ample field) admits a linear determinantal representation. Since local fields are large, any smooth plane cubic over a local field always admits a linear determinantal representation. As an application, we prove that a positive proportion of smooth plane cubics over Q, ordered by height, admit linear determinantal representations. We also prove that, if the conjecture of Bhargava-Kane-Lenstra-Poonen-Rains on the distribution of Selmer groups is true, a positive proportion of smooth plane cubics over Q fail the local-global principle for the existence of linear determinantal representations.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85048580185

VL - 33

SP - 177

EP - 204

JO - Journal of the Ramanujan Mathematical Society

JF - Journal of the Ramanujan Mathematical Society

SN - 0970-1249

IS - 2

ER -