A practical approach to pancreatic cancer immunotherapy using resected tumor lysate vaccines processed to express α-gal epitopes

Kenta Furukawa, Masahiro Tanemura, Eiji Miyoshi, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Hiroaki Nagano, Katsuyoshi Matsunami, Satoshi Nagaoka, Daisaku Yamada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Goto, Kiyomi Taniyama, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Single-agent immunotherapy is ineffective against poorly immunogenic cancers, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aims of this study were to demonstrate the feasibility of production of novel autologous tumor lysate vaccines from resected PDAC tumors, and verify vaccine safety and efficacy. Methods: Fresh surgically resected tumors obtained from human patients were processed to enzymatically synthesize α-gal epitopes on the carbohydrate chains of membrane glycoproteins. Processed membranes were analyzed for the expression of α-gal epitopes and the binding of anti-Gal, and vaccine efficacy was assessed in vitro and in vivo. Results: Effective synthesis of α-gal epitopes was demonstrated after processing of PDAC tumor lysates from 10 different patients, and tumor lysates readily bound an anti-Gal monoclonal antibody. α-gal(+) PDAC tumor lysate vaccines elicited strong antibody production against multiple tumor-associated antigens and activated multiple tumor-specific T cells. The lysate vaccines stimulated a robust immune response in animal models, resulting in tumor suppression and a significant improvement in survival without any adverse events. Conclusions: Our data suggest that α-gal(+) PDAC tumor lysate vaccination may be a practical and effective new immunotherapeutic approach for treating pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0184901
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A practical approach to pancreatic cancer immunotherapy using resected tumor lysate vaccines processed to express α-gal epitopes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Furukawa, K., Tanemura, M., Miyoshi, E., Eguchi, H., Nagano, H., Matsunami, K., Nagaoka, S., Yamada, D., Asaoka, T., Noda, T., Wada, H., Kawamoto, K., Goto, K., Taniyama, K., Mori, M., & Doki, Y. (2017). A practical approach to pancreatic cancer immunotherapy using resected tumor lysate vaccines processed to express α-gal epitopes. PloS one, 12(10), [e0184901]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184901