Most gastric neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) develop from enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells. ECL-cell NETs are classically categorized into three types according to their etiology. A 50-year-old woman presented with submucosal tumor-like lesions in the stomach, which were identified via esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Although esophagogastroduodenoscopy and pathological findings of biopsy specimens showed an absence of mucosal atrophy in the body of the stomach, sticky, adherent, dense mucus was observed. All lesions were diagnosed as ECL-cell NETs based on histological examination findings; however, ECL-cell NETs did not apply to any of the classic types I–III categorization based on laboratory, computed tomography, and 24-h intragastric pH monitoring test findings. Endoscopic submucosal dissection of the tumor was performed. Pathological findings of the excised specimen indicated that parietal cell hyperplasia with a protrusion, dilated fundic glands, and endocrine cell hyperplasia in the background mucosa, and parietal cells were not immunostained for the α-subunits of H+/K+-ATPase. Genetic analysis identified mutation in the ATP4A gene. The patient opted for additional gastric resection due to the risk of lymph node metastasis with deeper submucosal invasion and vascular infiltration. This report describes the first case of ECL-cell NETs caused by parietal cell dysfunction, which was treated via endoscopic submucosal dissection.
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